All of his personal knights are slain around him, and he vanishes without a trace.
Astonishing as it may seem, these two impossibly remote events were connected -- and the clouded genesis of Christopher Columbus can thereby be once and forever resolved. The key to unlocking the Columbus identity mystery was waiting in a place where nobody had ever looked before.
Myth has at last been separated from fact, exposing what actually transpired. Being extremely fond of writing memoirs, journals and letters, the man known as Columbus left a great deal of this overwhelming proof himself. Now, years later, his writings assisted in his own undoing.
Conformable to the testament in Seville 3 July is the evidence of Ferdinand Columbus , who states that his father was conterraneo of the same country with Mons. Among the famous historians and geographers who have written general works that make reference to Columbus's Genoese birth, we will mention only Humboldt, the great 19th-century German geographer; Burckhardt, author of the prestigious Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy ; Fisher, the distinguished English historian; Pirenne, the eminent Belgian historian; Merzbacher, professor of History of Law at the University of Innsbruck ; and Konetzke, professor of Iberian and Latin-American History at Cologne University. Fundacion Biblioteca Ayacuch, In a letter penned a few years before his death, Columbus wrote: Furthermore, two diplomats from Venice — no great friend of Genoa, indeed, a jealous rival — added the appellation "Genoese" to Columbus's name: The documents, uncovered in the 19th century when Italian historians examined the Genoese archives, form part of the Raccolta Colombiana.
Many other clues -- meant to be deciphered generations later, when the need for secrecy had passed -- have been painstakingly gathered and analyzed. Some were cryptically displayed in the details of portraiture and esoteric writings, others in the most obvious features of one of the greatest works of Spanish Baroque drama, on heraldry, on a gravestone, via signatures and pseudonyms.
What emerges is the picture of a consummate and cunning double-agent, with a bold and grandiose agenda. Enter this year-old labyrinth and discover the unimaginable: I am fascinated by your book!
Proof of False Columbus Shipwreck. Manuel Rosa Wikipedia Portugal.
In the prologue to his journal of the first voyage, Columbus wrote to Ferdinand and Isabella: Thus, after having turned out all the Jews from all your kingdoms and lordships I shall forget sleep, and shall work at the business of navigation, so that the service is performed. I, our Lord being pleased, will take hence, at the time of my departure, six natives for your Highnesses.
For example, on October 14, , Columbus wrote in his journal, "with fifty men they can all be subjugated and made to do what is required of them. Of anything they have, if it be asked for, they never say no, but do rather invite the person to accept it, and show as much lovingness as though they would give their hearts.
To these monarchs, the Pope declared: Francis I of France, for example, later quipped: I should be very happy to see the clause in Adam's will which excluded me from my share when the world was being divided. Beginning in Spanish conquerors adopted "the Requirement," an ultimatum in which Indians were forced to accept "the Church as the Ruler and Superior of the whole world" or face persecution.
If Indians did not immediately comply, the Requirement warned them: Bush issued a presidential proclamation celebrating "Columbus' bold expedition [and] pioneering achievements," directing that "the flag of the United States be displayed on all public buildings on the appointed day in honor of Christopher Columbus.