Orange, purple and green are all equal mixtures of the primary colors, which I call secondary colors. They are children, so to speak, of the primaries. So these are "basic" colors - blue, yellow, red, orange, purple, green. A color like brown is a child of secondaries equal parts of orange and purple, or even orange and green and is sometimes considered basic.
Blends and hues come after this, by mixing unequal amounts of basic colors together. Both indigo and violet are blends of purple and blue, shades of both. English is what is known as an 11 eleven primary color-term language. Spanish is also Russian and Hungarian are 12 twelve primary color term languages. See anything written by anthropologist Brent Berlin and linguist Paul Kay for additional information. They are considered the world's experts. Purple is one of the primary color terms in English.
Indigo and Violet are not. They are what would be called "secondary colors. Berlin and Kays's studies indicate that it is only in industrialized societies that people differentiate between many colors and their hues. Just like it is only in industrialized societies that men prefer thin women! Below are a couple of color charts which might help visualize these colors. There are others on the internet beside these.
The same holds true for Russian. It would not be necessarily true for a 6 color term language for example, Mandarin Chinese.
I'm speaking more from an artistic point of view. When you mix the colors for paint, you'll understand what I mean! But it is very interesting that different cultures feel the need to differentiate different amounts of colors. I hadn't known that. Well, for my two cents -- while I personally think of purple as a blanket shade for everything between red and blue, from what I can tell, most people think of "indigo" as a purple-tinged deep blue, "purple" as the purple at the more bluish end of the spectrum but not as blue as indigo , and violet as a more reddish purple.
If I remember correctly, Japanese does not distinguish linguistically between blue and green -- aren't both colors "ao"?
Used to dye clothes, it became extremely fashionable among the nobility and upper classes in Europe, particularly after Queen Victoria wore a silk gown dyed with mauveine to the Royal Exhibition of The traditional name for this tone of purple is veronica. Normalized to [0—] hundred. Depending on the particular shades, this pattern might be completely invisible to us, while many other animals could see it as clearly as we can see an orange pattern on green background. See also discussion of the color Mallow Mauve on page
Japanese does have the same words for "blue" and "green. Somali traditionally used the same word for green and blue too owlaled although a Somali girl recently told me they now have the word 'blu' Irish and Scottish Gaelic always had a word for blue 'gorm' pronounced gor-um but they had 'glas' for 'green', 'gray', and 'gray-green. Hence the Colorado River from the color of its waters and the dish chile colorado. Now, why is red wine "tinto" in Spanish instead of "rojo"?
I guess in answer to the original question, I would consider purple and violet to be shades of purple, but indigo to be a shade of blue.
The Munsell color system is a color space that specifies colors based on three color dimensions: In order for all the colors to be spaced uniformly, it was found necessary to use a color wheel with five primary colors—red, yellow, green, blue, and purple. The Munsell colors displayed are only approximate as they have been adjusted to fit into the sRGB gamut. Mauve is named after the mallow flower.
Another name for the color is mallow  with the first recorded use of mallow as a color name in English in Thistle is a light purple resembling the thistle plant. The first recorded use of Thistle as a color name in English was in The color thistle is associated with Scotland because the thistle is the national flower of Scotland and Scotland's highest state decoration is the Order of the Thistle.
The color orchid is a bright rich purple. The name 'orchid' originates from the flowers of some species of the vast orchid flower family, such as Laelia furfuracea and Ascocentrum pusillum , which have petals of this color. The first recorded use of orchid as a color name in English was in The color heliotrope is a brilliant tone of purple; it is a pink -purple tint that is a representation of the color of the heliotrope flower. The first recorded use of heliotrope as a color name in English was in The pure essence of purple was approximated in pigment in the late s by mixing fluorescent magenta and fluorescent blue pigments together to make fluorescent purple to use in psychedelic black light paintings.
This tone of purple was very popular among hippies and was the favorite color of Jimi Hendrix. Thus it is called psychedelic purple. Psychedelic purple is the color halfway between electric purple and magenta. Another name for this color is phlox , as it is the color of the phlox flower. The first recorded use of phlox as a color name in English was in The first recorded use of liseran purple as a color name in English was in The source of this color is: The color mulberry is displayed at right.
This color is a representation of the color of mulberry jam or pie. This was a Crayola crayon color from to The first recorded use of mulberry as a color name in English was in Pearly purple is one of the colors in the special set of metallic colored Crayola crayons called Silver Swirls , the colors of which were formulated by Crayola in The color purpureus is displayed at right. Another name for this color is purpura. The first recorded use of purpura as a color name in English was in Northwestern Purple is the official color of Northwestern University , as shown at the right.
Additionally, there are shades and tints that are variations of the base color. Northwestern Purple is a custom ink color and can no longer be referenced by a Pantone number. Traditionally, the school has referred to this darker and bluer shade as Royal Purple.
The color pomp and power is not found in the first edition of the Dictionary of Color by Maerz and Paul, but it is found in the second edition of The color name Mardi Gras has been in use since when the Xona. The color name eminence , used since the s,  has been in modern use for this color since when the Xona. The first recorded use of byzantium as a color name in English was in The pansy flower has varieties that exhibit three different colors: The first recorded use of pansy purple as a color name in English was in Palatinate Purple as associated with the University of Durham Palatinate is a color a pale shade of violet associated with the University of Durham and with Newcastle University Medical School , this being the former medical school of Durham University.
The name 'Palatinate' in both instances alludes to the historic status of Durham as a County Palatine. If the visible spectrum is wrapped to form a color wheel, purple appears midway between magenta and violet:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about shades of the color.
Pigment violet (web color dark violet) represents the way the color violet was always reproduced in. There are numerous variations of the color purple, a sampling of which are shown below. In . 'Royal purple' (shown above) or the dark violet color known as generic purple is the common layman's idea of purple, but professional artists, .
For a broader coverage of this topic, see Purple. Han purple and Han blue.
Digital video and HDTV. Retrieved 31 March Faber and Faber, London, UK. The mauve decade --American life at the end of the nineteenth century Archived at the Wayback Machine. It is stated in A Dictionary of Color that mallow and mauve are two different names used in English to refer to exactly the same color--the name mallow came into use in and mauve came into use as its synonym in see under the entry for each name on page in the Index. See also discussion of the color Mallow Mauve on page Common Errors in English.
Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 4 July Retrieved 29 January While for other Xona. The following item from a daily paper is but a sample of the fashion in color naming: Page Plate 54 Color Sample L8. A typical sample is shown for each name; a range of color-variations is commonly associated with each color-name. A—F List of colors: G—M List of colors: N—Z List of colors compact.