It was so close to the sea that those who lived in it could hear the waves forever beating against the shore. So he sat there trembling and afraid; for he was a timid, bashful man and did not like to be noticed. It must be written down so that people in other places and in other times may hear it read and sung.
So she called her clerk, who was a scholar, and bade him write the song , word for word, as it came from Caedmon's lips. So this prince grew up to be a young man, tall and fair and graceful. They did so , and as the flames lighted up the room, they saw their father enter with a child in his arms. So the governor sent a messenger to Delphi to ask the oracle what should be done with the tripod. So , with his own hands he carried the golden tripod to the little house where Thales lived.
So the governor called two of his trusted officers and told them to carry the tripod to Priene and offer it to Bias. I should be delighted to own so beautiful a piece of workmanship, but I know I am not worthy. Do you expect to find any man in Corinth who deserves so rich a gift? Chilon was so busy that the messengers had to wait several days before they could see him.
So isn't it just possible that it could end ignorance, disease, poverty, hunger, and war? So when we say, "The Internet is an electronic library," this is true. That is because they seem so far out of the daily experience of most people that they cannot conceive of how or why they would use them. When have we seen so many fortunes made by so many so quickly? It does so in orders of magnitude better than what came before it—libraries—but only better, not differently.
So he commissioned seven emissaries to go out to seven certain oracles around the world and on a predetermined day, let's say July 12, at a predetermined time, say 3: And Croesus was so amazed that he endowed the Oracle at Delphi with all kinds of gifts and planned to run all-important questions by this oracle.
In any event, King Croesus had it in his mind to wage war against the Persians, so he asked the oracle: Now my expectations have changed so much that I'm annoyed everything isn't already connected to the Internet. We are building the Internet to connect with each other better, to share information, to collaborate, to offer mutual support, and so on. We will be completely insulated from the collecting and researching of data so that we can focus entirely on turning data into knowledge. Over time, Amazon has achieved such scale and thus has collected so much data that their suggestions are really useful.
It is impossible to isolate a child in the midst of society , so that he shall not be influenced by the beliefs of those with whom he associates. Two hundred years later, William Rutherford thought he had calculated it to digits but only got the first correct, so we will give him credit that far. It is easier to learn English in large pieces rather than one word at a time! And so God who is the greatest and happiest of all beings is the most loving too. There was something which she wished very much to know before going home, and so , without thinking, she had leaned over and whispered just three little words. It has created palaces, but it was not so easy to create noblemen and kings.
So the salesperson says, "If you like that suit, then come over here and try this one from Ralph Lauren. Two hundred years later, William Rutherford thought he had calculated it to digits but only got the first correct, so we will give him credit that far. So now that the task of remembering past purchases and using that information to suggest future purchases is completely transitioned to machines, it operates on a whole different scale. Once Jim extends the invitation, he memorizes all the individuals' names, where they are from, what they do for a living, information about their families, and so forth.
And if each of those billion people in turn shared a million of their life experiences, and you recorded them, you'd have an aggregate number of life experiences so large I had to look it up online. And so we are interested in the Italian restaurants people drive across town repeatedly to frequent.
And no one is concerned or even notices much, because your association with that data is so removed from you. The amount of data stored is so vast that even if we put a number on it, it would be beyond our comprehension. So how about this instead: What if I can show you a future where everyone on the planet will live in good health as long as it is possible for their body to live?
So if its person-to-person transmission can be interrupted, it truly can be eradicated from the planet. Cowpox was a localized condition, so fresh supplies were hard to get. And today's primary method for treating cancer is, in a way, very tenth century: Essentially, chemotherapy is a medical way of saying, Let's fill you so full of poison either you or the cancer dies. So these doctors were perhaps just as brilliant as those who have come since.
So they repackaged the drug under the name Zyban, and it is now prescribed to smokers wanting to shake the habit. It is not to our discredit that machines can perform calculations so wondrously fast; rather it is to our credit that we conceived of and built such machines. So you make sure that if your population of redheads had a million people with a certain distribution of age, the distribution in your non-redhead sample is exactly the same. What is it about them and their lives that made them live so long or so well? Why do some people keep their mental faculties so late in life?
In the future, we'll not only know if that is so , but why: Perhaps mental agility is a result of their extensive exposure to a chemical in pencil lead and newsprint that they got by doing all those puzzles. In , an American named Walter Sutton noticed that chromosomes duplicated themselves before cells divided so that each new cell had a full copy of the chromosomes.
The power of the Internet and associated technologies we have so far described, combined with our new understanding of the genome, dooms disease to eventual extinction. So when people have excess goods, they are able to trade those goods away for things they want and suffer less of a decrease in utility than the amount they are increasing in their trading partners. So even if no new goods were created tomorrow, we could still vastly increase the wealth of the world by allocating existing goods differently.
It already has increased both substantially and will do so dramatically more in the coming years. Most of these people have other jobs and obligations, so without something like Etsy, they might not be able to enter into these trades. This has no offline corollary and is economically empowering to so many people. This makes business a meritocracy and encourages business owners to focus on quality, service, and reputation since these are so easy for customers to check.
By "make a car," I mean really make a car: It requires the labor of thousands to make a pencil, and yet they are so inexpensive as to be almost free. Most things come in a limited supply, so some people have a thing and others do not. The notion of scarcity is so ingrained in us and so permeates the world today, it is difficult to imagine a world without it. But in many areas, scarcity is so profound it has huge societal impact. The cost derives from the application of huge amounts of energy, intelligence, and technology to obtain and process the raw materials: So four million come to the earth and we only need to capture five hundred.
He had died by the time I read that passage in one of his books, so I couldn't write him, as is my normal practice when an author's words puzzle me. And like our example with energy, technology and human innovation could make other things that are now scarce—or that we think of now as scarce—not so at all. So they threw their sabots, a kind of clog shoe, into the machinery to break it—an act that gave us the word sabotage.
Both of these have political implications, and so it is with some hesitation I bring them up. Then, make them all soak their fingers in ice water so they are numb and work even slower, creating another thirty jobs for cold-fingered, blindfolded cotton seed removers. So here is the situation: You are at the store deciding which ones to buy.
Any task that could be done a machine is, by definition, dehumanizing to a human being. If you like having sore muscles at the end of a day or working a job that requires little of your mental capacity so you can contemplate Nietzsche, hey, more power to you. Frankly, no one wants to do them, so the only way to get people to do them is to pay them.
Those things were never necessary for prosperity and even less so in the Internet age. People play chess, so that object playing the Grand Master must be a person. Seeing Scooby-Doo in cartoons doesn't change our expectations of canine behavior because we have so much experience with real dogs. No human can solder a billion transistors on a computer processor, so your computer needed a robot in order to be built.
Because nanites are so small, they require little in the way of raw materials, just a few molecules here and there. Similarly, they require little power, so they either can be powered cheaply or can power themselves from their environment, with a little heat or sunlight. Plus, they will be able to convert heat to electricity as well, so anything that heats up will become an energy source.
Let that sink in: By dividing work up among people so they could specialize, we went from bows and arrows to Apollo moon missions.
On the other hand, making some grammatical errors just makes you look .. I always thought using “literally” in that way would be considered a. Remember that adverbs can also be used to describe other adverbs, too, not just adjectives! The cake she made for my birthday is so beautiful! . learnt about too and so, because I thought they all are used the same way.
So , how many thousands of times more will this increase our productivity? So I saw, in real dollars, the cost of computer memory fall to one one-millionth of what it was thirty years ago. That could be true, but I don't think so , for reasons laid out in the chapter on scarcity. I think no matter what, energy costs will fall dramatically in the future, probably to near zero, because the economic incentives to unlock that technical puzzle are so overwhelming. So whether you are rich or poor in the future, you will own this pan and get this benefit.
Its walls will be moveable by a professional, so it can be redesigned in a day. Vacationing should fall in price but requires much direct labor, so it will not fall by a thousandfold. Look how far we have come in creating prosperity with almost no technology for so long. Try to think of the advances we have seen so far in history as the very tip of the iceberg, a hint of what is possible, not even being within sight of what is possible. But I expect that technology and free enterprise will take us across a threshold where things formerly regarded as scarce will not be so any more.
A poor person with a six-year-old car today has more wealth than a poor person with a six-year-old car did back in , for the simple reason that cars are so much better now. This speaks to the fabulous wealth of this country and how our expectation of material possessions has risen so fast that we have redefined poverty to include what once were deemed luxury items. Sometimes countries simply nationalize industries, so that an enterprise once owned by a private company, often a foreign-based one, is taken over by the government or "the people.
So far we have looked at poverty and how it is redefined as societies grow richer. Didn't Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence, believe the Constitution should be rewritten every twenty years so that no one was governed by a document they had no say in creating? Then, as a nation grows wealthier, tax rates could fall in terms of percentages because the nation is making so much more money. But think of it this way: So let's say your parents bought Coca Cola stock their entire life, left it all to you, and you are able to live off the dividend payments of the stock.
Some become so wealthy, in fact, they can live off the interest the productivity of their assets, not just their own labor. All it takes is so much wealth that it is self-sustaining—that the productivity of that wealth can support everyone. Simply because only so many jobs can, in theory, be replaced by machines does not imply anything about the ability of the people now doing them. And so at an early age, you took a wife, started having children, and supported yourself by farming.
So these former farmers got jobs in factories, learned to repair equipment, solved problems, became line managers, suggested improvements to processes, and got paid for their effort. It may seem intuitive at first glance, this idea that somehow there are only so many jobs and if you replace people with machines, people have fewer jobs.
As I've already said, I believe we will be experiencing so much prosperity in the not-too-distant future that no one will have to work. There will be so much wealth that a minimum income will be guaranteed to everyone. So yeah, if you told them to choose between working and not working, many would choose to relax. But as we grew up, reality set in that market forces did not allow those activities to pay enough to support us, so at some point we all figured out we had to "earn a living.
I don't think so , and I'll explain why with another thought experiment. So the problem must be that we have stretched the planet past its ability to feed its inhabitants, right? After this came the Great Depression, which so overwhelmed the social support structures that Americans turned to the government for help and have never turned back.
Why is civility so lacking in discussions about food, nutrition, and food policy? Why are people so quick to vilify those on the "other side" of the issue—and why do we even think in terms of sides? Given so many different nutritional theories and viewpoints, most people base their own nutritional philosophies on a combination of two factors: So our ability to find cause and effect in that—and to really discern fact from fallacy, what's good from what's bad for us—is highly suspect.
So the current frustrating situation, where so many people have such wildly divergent understandings about nutrition, will fade away. Say the poor decide they cannot compete with a modern farm, so they move to the city and get a job at a factory. So let's say the large corn farms all have a great year and a bountiful crop comes forth. When so many people farm and so much depends on it, innovation will happen. Although there was cultural opposition in India to Borlaug's methods and seeds, the famine was so bad by that the government stepped in and urged the project forward.
I say we can improve things not by 20 or so percent, but by twenty times or more. We did our own canning, especially pickles, and I picked berries every summer so my mom could make jelly. Susie's ears had an unusual fold in the middle so they basically pointed downward.
But again, this could happen in nature, so it is hard to see how we can object to this. Since rice is relied upon by so much of the world's poor, efforts here really can save lives. This is exactly the kind of problem geneticists can sink their teeth into, so to speak, to make the protein in this grain digestible. Me ordering a second helping of corn on the cob while dining at the Black Eyed Pea also increases demand for corn, but for doing so , I shouldn't stand trial for murder.
The United Nations World Food Programme was so inspired by this success that pilot programs for an exchange were launched in twenty-one countries. The access to information that mobile phones are bringing virtually everywhere on the planet is helping people raise their standard of living and will do so even more dramatically in the years to come.
It was his view that "the attainment of human rights in the fullest sense cannot be achieved so long as hundreds of millions of poverty-stricken people lack the basic necessities for life. Some might say something I consider even worse: It is inexcusable that some go hungry while you have so much. It is better to let half of the people die so that the other half can eat their fill.
Food in the United States is so inexpensive as a percentage of national income that it literally is a throwaway item. If you knew someone who was a good business partner, was fun to hang out with, but let one of his children starve to death so that he could enjoy a higher standard of living, what would be your opinion of this person? Is our nation so poor or so weak that we must resort to the ultimate in pragmatism and befriend nations in the name of commerce or prosperity or military security while turning a blind eye to the suffering of their people?
What would we have the centuries to come to say about us: That we were so eager to maximize our position of power and wealth that we turned a blind eye to injustice? For they cut the cheeks of the males with a sword, so that before they receive the nourishment of milk they must learn to endure wounds.
The Bulgarian king Samuel was so stricken by the sight of his mighty army staggering back home that he suffered a stroke and died two days later. And that advance continues, as the group of rights so acknowledged keeps expanding. I feel we have set the bar way too low and in doing so have fundamentally cheapened life, everyone's life. Their aim, he said, was nothing less than "the lifting, from the backs and from the hearts of men, of their burden of arms and of fears, so that they may find before them a golden age of freedom and of peace.
So did de Tocqueville, touring nineteenth-century America, when he wrote that "All those who seek to destroy the liberties of a democratic nation ought to know that war is the surest and shortest means to accomplish it. Journalist Brooks Atkinson, said: So realistically, we know that we either must end war, or face the prospect that war will end us.
Accountability must be at as low a level as possible, so that if government officials mess up, they answer to constituents in their locality. So , when I tell you we will see the end of war, if you are over thirty-five years of age, you have every reason to roll your eyes and tell me you have seen this movie before and aren't up for the sequel. They like their iPods, their laptops, their cars, their tennis shoes, and so on. Since war historically has interrupted the flow of consumer goods, and would do so even more in our present interconnected world, preserving our hard-earned possessions provides an additional disincentive to war.
This is not to say that businesses are so materialistic they will favor a war to get a government contract. You would argue that no other widget on the market can beat the C, no nation can ever gain widget superiority if the government just buys the C—and so they do. This is simply another form of trade, so some might accuse me of double counting some of my forty-three reasons war will end.
Centuries ago, North America saw a shortage of small coins, so large ones were cut into bits to circulate as small change. It is unprecedented for so many nations to change their form of government so quickly and peacefully. As the number of touch points with other countries rises, so must our shared understanding of acceptable conduct. This was done in large part because the two powers came so close to going to war over the Cuban Missile Crisis.
News and information that undermine their credibility or authority aren't so welcome either. O'Neill observed that scrutiny of government had become so intense that officials never could have gotten away with that—and he was writing in the late s. So whatever trends we have observed so far are only getting started. So if a battle today were similarly costly, the proportional number of casualties would be , So let's address it head-on: In this world of the future, do we lose our humanity? Shakespeare remains so popular because he wrote about timeless human experiences: He went to the door but didn't see anyone so went outside to look for them.
Processing aurally was familiar to Augustine while reading silently was revelatory, so noteworthy that he wrote it in his autobiography. So in the present and future, when a technology comes along that represents such a change—that saves details of our activities with which to advise us later, or has us speaking to machines as if they were creatures—it will simply be more of the same. So it was natural that to earn extra money, Jason and I would buy cool, old cars we found in junkyards for a few hundred dollars apiece.
So technology supports quality of life from vaccines to Volvos and generates wealth. As troubling as this thought is, equally troubling would be the response of the country so attacked. So while such an attack and its aftermath would not derail our eventual arrival at the next golden age, it quite possibly would delay it. So , far from reaching that point the pessimists foretold—where we have exhausted the meager resources of earth and find ourselves dwindling away— something entirely different is happening.
Many of them were so tame that they would eat from my hand and let me feel them. The fire leaped into life; the flames encircled me so that in a moment my clothes were blazing. She is so near to me that it almost seems indelicate to speak of her. She was, alas, the helpless victim of my outbursts of temper and of affection, so that she became much the worse for wear. After awhile the need of some means of communication became so urgent that these outbursts occurred daily, sometimes hourly. Child as I was, I at once felt the tenderness and sympathy which endeared Dr.
Bell to so many hearts, as his wonderful achievements enlist their admiration. I guessed vaguely from my mother's signs and from the hurrying to and fro in the house that something unusual was about to happen, so I went to the door and waited on the steps. The shade was grateful, and the tree was so easy to climb that with my teacher's assistance I was able to scramble to a seat in the branches. It was so cool up in the tree that Miss Sullivan proposed that we have our luncheon there.
Was there ever anything so exquisitely beautiful in the world before! She made raised maps in clay, so that I could feel the mountain ridges and valleys, and follow with my fingers the devious course of rivers. The illustrative strings and the orange stick representing the poles seemed so real that even to this day the mere mention of temperate zone suggests a series of twine circles; and I believe that if any one should set about it he could convince me that white bears actually climb the North Pole.
It was my teacher's genius, her quick sympathy, her loving tact which made the first years of my education so beautiful. It was because she seized the right moment to impart knowledge that made it so pleasant and acceptable to me. My teacher is so near to me that I scarcely think of myself apart from her. Little Tim was so tame that he would hop on my finger and eat candied cherries out of my hand. But they were so happy and contented that I lost all sense of pain in the pleasure of their companionship. So my little heart leaped high with eager excitement when I knew that my wish was at last to be realized.
It suddenly occurred to me that he might make a delightful pet; so I seized him by the tail with both hands and carried him home. It was very difficult to walk over, the ties were wide apart and so narrow that one felt as if one were walking on knives. The rays of the sun fell upon the trees, so that the twigs sparkled like diamonds and dropped in showers when we touched them. So dazzling was the light, it penetrated even the darkness that veils my eyes.
As the days wore on, the drifts gradually shrunk, but before they were wholly gone another storm came, so that I scarcely felt the earth under my feet once all winter. I place my hand on the hand of the speaker so lightly as not to impede its movements. I suppose that is because so many of my impressions come to me through the medium of others' eyes and ears. At dinner it was read to the assembled family, who were surprised that I could write so well. I felt so cold, I imagined I should die before morning, and the thought comforted me.
But the fact remains that Miss Canby's story was read to me once, and that long after I had forgotten it, it came back to me so naturally that I never suspected that it was the child of another mind. So this sad experience may have done me good and set me thinking on some of the problems of composition.
An impish fear clutched my hand, so that I could not write any more that day. It seemed like the "Arabian Nights," it was crammed so full of novelty and interest. Whenever it was possible, I touched the machinery while it was in motion, so as to get a clearer idea how the stones were weighed, cut, and polished. I could not read her lips easily; so my progress was much slower than in German. It was very amusing but I did not like it nearly so well as "Wilhelm Tell. So long as we felt his loving presence and knew that he took a watchful interest in our work, fraught with so many difficulties, we could not be discouraged.
For a while, indeed, I had to copy my Latin in braille, so that I could recite with the other girls. Some of the girls learned to speak to me, so that Miss Sullivan did not have to repeat their conversation. So Mildred stayed with me in Cambridge, and for six happy months we were hardly ever apart. My tutor had plenty of time to explain what I did not understand, so I got on faster and did better work than I ever did in school.
The college authorities did not allow Miss Sullivan to read the examination papers to me; so Mr. Vining, one of the instructors at the Perkins Institution for the Blind, was employed to copy the papers for me in American braille. The signs, which I had so lately learned, and which I thought I knew, perplexed me. Indeed, books have meant so much more in my education than in that of others, that I shall go back to the time when I began to read. I think that was all; but I read them over and over, until the words were so worn and pressed I could scarcely make them out.
But we did not begin the story until August; the first few weeks of my stay at the seashore were so full of discoveries and excitement that I forgot the very existence of books. Circumscribed as my life was in so many ways, I had to look between the covers of books for news of the world that lay outside my own. My admiration for the Aeneid is not so great, but it is none the less real. Still there is much in the Bible against which every instinct of my being rebels, so much that I regret the necessity which has compelled me to read it through from beginning to end.
Ruth is so loyal and gentle-hearted, we cannot help loving her, as she stands with the reapers amid the waving corn. It seems strange that my first reading of Shakespeare should have left me so many unpleasant memories. Thus it is that Even as the roots, shut in the darksome earth, Share in the tree-top's joyance, and conceive Of sunshine and wide air and winged things, By sympathy of nature, so do I gave evidence of things unseen. We went out to see the hero that had withstood so many tempests, and it wrung my heart to see him prostrate who had mightily striven and was now mightily fallen.
The chessmen are of two sizes, the white larger than the black, so that I have no trouble in following my opponent's maneuvers by moving my hands lightly over the board after a play. If there are children around, nothing pleases me so much as to frolic with them. A medallion of Homer hangs on the wall of my study, conveniently low, so that I can easily reach it and touch the beautiful, sad face with loving reverence. Jefferson let me touch his face so that I could imagine how he looked on waking from that strange sleep of twenty years, and he showed me how poor old Rip staggered to his feet.
I have met people so empty of joy, that when I clasped their frosty finger tips, it seemed as if I were shaking hands with a northeast storm. Others there are whose hands have sunbeams in them, so that their grasp warms my heart. In spite of the lapse of years, they seem so close to me that I should not think it strange if at any moment they should clasp my hand and speak words of endearment as they used to before they went away. He knew so much and was so genial that it was impossible to feel dull in his presence.
He was delighted that I could pronounce the words so well, and said that he had no difficulty in understanding me. He is never quite so happy as when he has a little deaf child in his arms. I also knew Mr. Charles Dudley Warner, the most delightful of story-tellers and the most beloved friend, whose sympathy was so broad that it may be truly said of him, he loved all living things and his neighbour as himself. So these selections from Miss Keller's correspondence are made with two purposes--to show her development and to preserve the most entertaining and significant passages from several hundred letters.
So they said, We must go to a new country far away and build schools and houses and churches and make new cities. The stars are so far away that people cannot tell much about them, without very excellent instruments. I should like to send a kiss to Vittorio, the little prince of Naples, but teacher says she is afraid you will not remember so many messages. I thank you very much for the beautiful story about Lord Fauntleroy, and so does teacher. But I am afraid you cannot come to Tuscumbia; so I will write to you, and send you a sweet kiss and my love.
It is getting warm here now, so father is going to take us to the Quarry on the 20th of August. I know too that the tiny lily-bells are whispering pretty secrets to their companions else they would not look so happy. I love you very dearly, because you have taught me so many lovely things about flowers, and birds, and people. One carried me in his arms so that my feet would not touch the water. I can hardly wait for June to come I am so eager to speak to her and to my precious little sister.
I was very, very sad to part with all of my friends in Boston, but I was so eager to see my baby sister I could hardly wait for the train to take me home. I am always happy and so was Little Lord Fauntleroy, but dear Little Jakey's life was full of sadness. But now I want to tell you how glad I am that you are so happy and enjoying your home so very much. I do not see how we can help thinking about God when He is so good to us all the time. And so God who is the greatest and happiest of all beings is the most loving too. So are your Father and your Mother and your Teacher and all your friends.
And so He loved men Himself and though they were very cruel to Him and at last killed Him, He was willing to die for them because He loved them so. The tongue is so serviceable a member taking all sorts of shapes, just as is wanted ,--the teeth, the lips, the roof of the mouth, all ready to help, and so heap up the sound of the voice into the solid bits which we call consonants, and make room for the curiously shaped breathings which we call vowels!
It does great credit, not only to you, but to your instructors, who have so broken down the walls that seemed to shut you in that now your outlook seems more bright and cheerful than that of many seeing and hearing children. But I cannot see you and talk to you, so I will write and tell you all that I can think of. The sun knows that you like to see the world covered with beautiful white snow and so he kept back all his brightness, and let the little crystals form in the sky. His parents are too poor to pay to have the little fellow sent to school; so , instead of giving me a dog, the gentlemen are going to help make Tommy's life as bright and joyous as mine.
He cannot imagine how very, very happy he will be when he can tell us his thoughts, and we can tell him how we have loved him so long. It is very beautiful to think that you can tell so many people of the heavenly Father's tender love for all His children even when they are not gentle and noble as He wishes them to be. Please let Bishop Brooks know our plans, so that he may arrange to be with us. I shall be so disappointed if my little plans fail, because I have wanted for a long time to do something for the poor little ones who are waiting to enter the kindergarten.
Please let me know what you think about the house, and try to forgive me for troubling you so much. Teacher's eyes have been hurting her so that she could not write to any one, and I have been trying to fulfil a promise which I made last summer. It is because my books are full of the riches of which Mr. Ruskin speaks that I love them so dearly. I would like to feel a parrot talk, it would be so much fun! The hotel was so near the river that I could feel it rushing past by putting my hand on the window. I suppose you feel so , too, when you gaze up to the stars in the stillness of the night, do you not?
Oh, I do so hope and pray that I shall speak well some day! You see, none of my friends describe things to me so vividly and so beautifully as he does I believe they gave me more pleasure than anything else at the Fair: But they are so good natured and friendly, one cannot help liking them. He said no, it would not be called for about fifteen minutes; so we sat down to wait; but in a moment the man came back and asked Teacher if we would like to go to the train at once.
The play seemed so real, we almost forgot where we were, and believed we were watching the genuine scenes as they were acted so long ago. It was so hard to lose him, he was the best and kindest of friends, and I do not know what we shall do without him I am sure you would like to know Mr. Hutton, they are so kind and interesting.
I know it, and it makes me feel so happy, it has such sweet thoughts. As I sit by the window writing to you, it is so lovely to have the soft , cool breezes fan my cheek and to feel that the hard work of last year is over! We had looked forward to seeing you there, and so we were greatly disappointed that you did not come. We think of you so , so often! We missed the Cape Cod train Friday morning, and so we came down to Provincetown in the steamer Longfellow.
But, however this may be, I cannot now write the letter which has lain in my thought for you so long. There are about a hundred girls, and they are all so bright and happy; it is a joy to be with them. They were the entrance examinations for Harvard College; so I feel pleased to think I could pass them. But it is harder for Teacher than it is for me because the strain on her poor eyes is so great, and I cannot help worrying about them.
I ride with a divided skirt, and so does my teacher; but it would be easier for her to mount a man's wheel than for me; so , if it could be arranged to have the ladies' seat behind, I think it would be better But the weather and the scenery were so beautiful, and it was such fun to go scooting over the smoother part of the road, I didn't mind the mishaps in the least. I wish it were not such a bother to move, especially as we have to do it so often! So you see, I had a foretaste of the pleasure which I hope some day to have of visiting Florence.
I would like so much to show him in some way how deeply I appreciate all that he is doing for me, and I cannot think of anything better to do. I cannot make out anything written in my hand, so you see, Ragnhild has got ahead of me in some things. They would not allow Teacher to read any of the papers to me; so the papers were copied for me in braille.
This arrangement worked very well in the languages, but not nearly so well in the Mathematics. Consequently, I did not do so well as I should have done, if Teacher had been allowed to read the Algebra and Geometry to me. Her arguments seemed so wise and practical, that I could not but yield. The college authorities would not permit Miss Sullivan to read the examination papers to me; so Mr.
Vining, one of the instructors at the Perkins Institution for the Blind, was employed to copy the papers for me in braille. So you may imagine that we look quite like peacocks, only we've no trains There were about twenty-five thousand people at the game, and, when we went out, the noise was so terrific, we nearly jumped out of our skins, thinking it was the din of war, and not of a football game that we heard.
We are enjoying every moment of our visit, every one is so good to us. We dined with the Rogers last Friday, and oh, they were so kind to us! We went to St. Bartholomew's Sunday, and I have not felt so much at home in a church since dear Bishop Brooks died. Is it possible for the College to accommodate itself to these unprecedented conditions, so as to enable me to pursue my studies at Radcliffe? My friends think it very strange that they should hesitate so long, especially when I have not asked them to simplify my work in the least, but only to modify it so as to meet the existing circumstances.
So you read about our class luncheon in the papers?
By the way, have you any specimens of English braille especially printed for those who have lost their sight late in life or have fingers hardened by long toil, so that their touch is less sensitive than that of other blind people? I trust that the effort of The Great Round World to bring light to those who sit in darkness will receive the encouragement and support it so richly deserves. I will ask Dr. Hale to lend me the letter, so that I can make a copy of it for you. If it happens to be blue, and you tell her so triumphantly, she is likely to answer, Thank you. Her whimsical and adventuresome spirit puts her so much on her mettle that she makes rather a poor subject for the psychological experimenter.
When a psychologist asked her if Miss Keller spelled on her fingers in her sleep, Miss Sullivan replied that she did not think it worth while to sit up and watch, such matters were of so little consequence. This sense is not, however, so finely developed as in some other blind people. Anything shallower than a half-inch bas-relief is a blank to her, so far as it expresses an idea of beauty. Most blind people are aided by the sense of sound , so that a fair comparison is hard to make, except with other deaf-blind persons. Miss Keller does not as a rule read very fast, but she reads deliberately, not so much because she feels the words less quickly than we see then, as because it is one of her habits of mind to do things thoroughly and well.
The finer traits of Miss Keller's character are so well known that one needs not say much about them. She has not even learned that exhibition on which so many pride themselves, of 'righteous indignation. After thinking a little while, she added, 'I think Shakespeare made it very terrible so that people would see how fearful it is to do wrong. She means everything so thoroughly that her very quotations, her echoes from what she has read, are in truth original. Her sympathy is of the swift and ministering sort which, fortunately, she has found so often in other people.
Howe began his experiments with her. Helen Keller became so rapidly a distinctive personality that she kept her teacher in a breathless race to meet the needs of her pupil, with no time or strength to make a scientific study. The truth is not wonderful enough to suit the newspapers; so they enlarge upon it and invent ridiculous embellishments.
So she consented to the publication of extracts from letters which she wrote during the first year of her work with her pupil. I tried with all my might to control the eagerness that made me tremble so that I could hardly walk. She has none of those nervous habits that are so noticeable and so distressing in blind children. There is a piazza in front, covered with vines that grow so luxuriantly that you have to part them to see the garden beyond. When I came, her movements were so insistent that one always felt there was something unnatural and almost weird about her.
I have noticed also that she eats much less, a fact which troubles her father so much that he is anxious to get her home. When he succeeded in forming it to suit her, she patted him on his woolly head so vigorously that I thought some of his slips were intentional. And I don't intend that the lesson she has learned at the cost of so much pain and trouble shall be unlearned.
The word coming so close upon the sensation of cold water rushing over her hand seemed to startle her. Last night when I got in bed, she stole into my arms of her own accord and kissed me for the first time, and I thought my heart would burst, so full was it of joy. Indeed, I feel as if I had never seen anything until now, Helen finds so much to ask about along the way. She makes many mistakes, of course, twists words and phrases, puts the cart before the horse, and gets herself into hopeless tangles of nouns and verbs; but so does the hearing child.
She is delighted with action-words; so it is no trouble at all to teach her verbs. But so far nobody seems to have thought of chloroforming her, which is, I think, the only effective way of stopping the natural exercise of her faculties. If she could see and hear, I suppose she would get rid of her superfluous energy in ways which would not, perhaps, tax her brain so much, although I suspect that the ordinary child takes his play pretty seriously. Her every waking moment is spent in the endeavour to satisfy her innate desire for knowledge, and her mind works so incessantly that we have feared for her health.
She will insist on having her hair put in curl papers when she is so sleepy she can scarcely stand. She was very much excited when we went upstairs; so I tried to interest her in a curious insect called a stick-bug.
It seems as if a child who could see and hear until her nineteenth month must retain some of her first impressions, though ever so faintly. Her mother and I cut up several sheets of printed words so that she could arrange them into sentences. One of the leopards licked her hands, and the man in charge of the giraffes lifted her up in his arms so that she could feel their ears and see how tall they were.
She has made me repeat the story of little Red Riding Hood so often that I believe I could say it backward. She likes stories that make her cry--I think we all do, it's so nice to feel sad when you've nothing particular to be sad about. So far, her only knowledge of death is in connection with things to eat.
How ridiculous it is to say I had drunk so copiously of the noble spirit of Dr. Howe that I was fired with the desire to rescue from darkness and obscurity the little Alabamian! It is irksome because the process is so slow, and they cannot read what they have written or correct their mistakes. The children were so pleased to see her at Sunday-school, they paid no attention to their teachers, but rushed out of their seats and surrounded us.
When the communion service began, she smelt the wine, and sniffed so loud that every one in the church could hear. I never was so glad to get out of a place as I was to leave that church! Then she threw herself on the floor and began to swim so energetically that some of us thought we should be kicked out of our chairs! It seems strange that people should marvel at what is really so simple. It seemed all so mechanical and difficult, my heart ached for the poor little children. Indeed, her whole body is so finely organized that she seems to use it as a medium for bringing herself into closer relations with her fellow creatures.
She responds quickly to the gentle pressure of affection, the pat of approval, the jerk of impatience, the firm motion of command, and to the many other variations of the almost infinite language of the feelings; and she has become so expert in interpreting this unconscious language of the emotions that she is often able to divine our very thoughts. The wounded leg soon became so much worse that the horse was suspended from a beam. She bends over her book with a look of intense interest, and as the forefinger of her left hand runs along the line, she spells out the words with the other hand; but often her motions are so rapid as to be unintelligible even to those accustomed to reading the swift and varied movements of her fingers.
This is especially true of her earlier lessons, when her knowledge of language was so slight as to make explanation impossible. There were very few spots of sunshine in poor Ginger's life, and the sadnesses were so many! Her mind works so rapidly, that it often happens, that when I give her an example she will give me the correct answer before I have time to write out the question.
It was hoped that one so peculiarly endowed by nature as Helen, would, if left entirely to her own resources, throw some light upon such psychological questions as were not exhaustively investigated by Dr. Howe; but their hopes were not to be realized. It is impossible to isolate a child in the midst of society , so that he shall not be influenced by the beliefs of those with whom he associates. When asked why, she answered: Because she has so many children to take care of. When she referred to our conversation again, it was to ask, "Why did not Jesus go away, so that His enemies could not find Him?
I said, "No; because, if there were no death, our world would soon be so crowded with living creatures that it would be impossible for any of them to live comfortably. Then why did He let little sister fall this morning, and hurt her head so badly? I believe every child has hidden away somewhere in his being noble capacities which may be quickened and developed if we go about it in the right way; but we shall never properly develop the higher natures of our little ones while we continue to fill their minds with the so-called rudiments.
Her mind is so filled with the beautiful thoughts and ideals of the great poets that nothing seems commonplace to her; for her imagination colours all life with its own rich hues. Miss Keller's education, however, is so fundamentally a question of language teaching that it rather includes the problems of the deaf than limits itself to the deaf alone.
So Helen Keller's aptitude for language is her whole mental aptitude, turned to language because of its extraordinary value to her. No, they are not interchangeable. If you want to use even though , the meaning changes. Even though means despite the fact that and is a more emphatic version of though and although. Even if means whether or not and has to do with the conditions that may apply.
The first example describes an unreal situation where we could substitute 'just supposing' for even if and say: The second example describes a real situation where the shopper spent two hours looking for a particular kind of suit, but couldn't find it. When we attach even to though in this way, we are in effect saying: Note that even cannot be used as a conjunction like even if and even though when it stands alone.
Even I've polished and cleaned it, it still doesn't look new. When even stands alone, it functions as an adverb and means this is more than or less than expected. Again, you are registering something that may be surprising when you use it. Study the following and note the position of even in these sentences: Even can also go at the beginning of a phrase when it refers to words or expressions that we wish to emphasize, again because this is surprising information for the listener: Even so is a prepositional phrase that can be used in a similar fashion to introduce a fact that is surprising in the context of what has been said before.
It connects ideas between clauses or sentences: This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Find out more about page archiving. Even if I had two hours to spare for shopping, I wouldn't go out and buy a suit. Even though I had two hours to spare for shopping, I couldn't find the suit I wanted. Compare the following pairs of sentences: Even though he lost his job as Arts Minister, he continued to serve in the government.