The Americans with Disabilities Act and Emergency Preparedness and Response

This document has practices regarding effective communication can help jurisdictions meet their obligations to carry out their disaster related activities in a non-discriminatory manner. The 4 priorities of the campaign are to help users to: Information for individuals with disabilities with access and functional needs are addressed. The Tool Kit is designed to teach state and local government officials how to identify and fix problems that prevent people with disabilities from gaining equal access to state and local government programs, services, and activities.

It will also teach state and local officials how to conduct accessibility surveys of their buildings and facilities to identify and remove architectural barriers to access. Chapter 7 deals with emergency planning and shelter access. These requirements, orrules, clarify and refine issues that have arisen over the past 20 years and contain new, and updated, requirements, including the Standards for Accessible Design Standards.

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The case, filed in , was brought on behalf of Plaintiffs: A landmark ruling in February held that the City of Los Angeles violated the Americans with Disabilities Act by failing to meet the needs of its residents with mobility, vision, hearing, mental, and cognitive disabilities in planning for disasters. A court order followed requiring the City to revise its emergency plans to include people with disabilities. This federal class action lawsuit was filed in September of The class of , New York residents with disabilities included people with vision, hearing, mobility, and mental disabilities.

On November 7, , the Court ruled that New York City discriminated against people with disabilities in its failure to plan for their needs in large scale disasters such as Hurricane Sandy. This was a major victory for hundreds of thousands of children, women, men, and seniors with disabilities, and will likely have national implications.

A compilation of federal guidance, checklists, and testing information for creating and maintaining accessible video, multimedia, and social media using various popular electronic formats and channels including Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, Vine, Wordpress and other social media tools. Sources for these resources are identified by abbreviations for federal components. Other valuable guidance from non-federal sources, including industry and academia, can be found from internet search using relevant keywords such as "accessible presentation.

Accommodation and Compliance Series: Preparing the Workplace for Everyone: Accounting for the Needs of People with Disabilities. Preparing a Workplace for Everyone is meant to serve as a launching point for federal agencies as they re-evaluate and strengthen their Occupant Emergency Plans OEPs , which are required for all federal agencies by the U. This framework of guidelines reflects the effective practices of nearly 20 federal agencies gathered from direct input, existing reports and articles, and actual emergency plans.

The Office of Disability Employment Policy, the Interagency Coordinating Council on Emergency Preparedness and Individuals with Disabilities helped develop several resources to assist individuals, organizations, and employers create emergency preparedness plans that take into account the needs of people with disabilities.

Evacuating Populations with Special Needs: Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning Primer. This installment focuses on evacuating people who need assistance in leaving an area, particularly people with disabilities, aging populations, people living in congregate or residential care facilities, and those with household pets. This primer can assist transportation agencies, emergency managers, first responders, and special needs service organizations understand applicable legislation-including new legislation passed after the Hurricane Katrina response-and develop and implement evacuations of special needs populations.

Accessibility of Emergency Information on Television. FCC rules require broadcasters and cable operators to make local emergency information accessible to persons who are deaf or hard of hearing, and to persons who are blind or have visual disabilities.

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This rule means that emergency information must be provided both aurally and in a visual format Closed Captioning and Access to Emergency Information. Federal Communications Commission FCC rules for TV closed captioning ensure that viewers who are deaf and hard of hearing have full access to programming, address captioning quality and provide guidance to video programming distributors and programmers. The rules apply to all television programming with captions, requiring that captions be… Read more.

The Reference Guide was originally developed in response to the requirement of H. Individuals with Disabilities, to develop disability related guidelines for use by those who serve individuals with disabilities in emergency preparedness and disaster relief. For additional tools for communicating with all audiences, including people with disabilities, please visit the FEMA Office of Disability Integration and Coordination Preparedness Resources website.

Including People with Disabilities and Others with Access and Functional Needs in Disaster Operations, a course designed for all personnel involved in disaster operations at the Joint Field Office JFO and in other disaster facilities and activities, has been released and is available to take. The purpose of this course is to increase awareness and understanding of the need for full inclusion of disaster survivors and FEMA staff who are people with disabilities, and people with access and functional needs.

The course provides an overview of disabilities and access and functional needs and explains how disaster staff can apply inclusive practices in their disaster assignments. Public service announcement to provide valuable information to disaster survivors who use sign language as their mode of communication.

This video is about how to use American Sign Language interpreters in emergency response and recovery actions. Public service announcement to provide valuable information about Inspector Visits to disaster survivors who use sign language as their mode of communication. Public service announcement for homeowners, renters, and business owners affected by a disaster can register with FEMA for disaster assistance.

The assistance that may be provided includes: During a declared disaster, Disability Integration Advisors are embedded with Disaster Survivor Assistance Teams to help survivors with disabilities and access and functional needs and are able toaddress those needs on the spot. This video is intended for emergency management personnel and focuses on emergency planning for populations with access and functional needs, sometimes called "Inclusive Planning. The video emphasizes the need for a plan that covers all members of the community and ways to identify and incorporate populations with functional needs into the emergency planning process.

Video that covers if you have government benefits, there will not be a reduction in benefits if you receive money from FEMA.

Resources for Businesses/Employers and Business Continuity

The purpose of this document is to provide planning guidance that can be incorporated into existing shelter plans to State emergency managers and shelter planners to meet access and functional needs in general population shelters. This document provides guidance to assist emergency managers and shelter planners in understanding the requirements related to sheltering children and adults with functional support needs in general population shelters.

Functional Needs Support Services FNSS and the guidance provided are designed to assist in the planning and resourcing of sheltering operations whether government, NGO, faith- or private-based to meet the access and functional needs of children and adults.

These guidelines identify methods of achieving a lawful and equitable program through the delivery of FNSS for children and adults. If you have a disability or an access and functional need, you may need to take additional steps to prepare for emergencies. For more information visit Ready. The Frameworks describe how the whole community works together to achieve the National Preparedness Goal. There is one Framework for each of the five mission areas, Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery. The intended audience for the page is individuals, families, communities, the private and nonprofit sectors, faith-based organizations, and local, state, tribal,territorial, insular area, and Federal governments.

Legal Briefs

The National Preparedness System is intended to be used by the whole community. The intended audience for this page is individuals, families, communities, the private and nonprofit sectors, faith- based organizations, and local, state, tribal, territorial, insular area, and Federal governments.

This page is for anyone interested in learning more about the mission and role of the office within the agency and the larger emergency management community. If you or someone close to you has a disability and other access and functional needs, you may have to take additional steps to protect yourself and your family in an emergency. This reports lists the possible "additional steps" based on disability and other access and functional needs.

Consider how a disaster might affect your individual needs. Plan to make it on your own, at least for a period of time. It's possible that you will not have access to a medical facility or even a drugstore. Identify what kind of resources you use on a daily basis and what you might do if they are limited or not available.

Build A Kit with your unique consideration in mind. What do you need to maintain your health, safety and independence? For the millions of Americans who have physical, medical, sensory or cognitive disabilities, emergencies such as fires, floods and acts of terrorism present a real challenge.

Episode 8 Resources: Emergency Shelter Preparedness |

The same challenge also applies to the elderly and other special needs populations. Protecting yourself and your family when disaster strikes requires planning ahead. This booklet will help you get started. This brief was developed by the U. The unique instructional video contains information specific to Americans with disabilities or other access and functional needs regarding emergency preparedness.

Watch and Read the brouchure. During recovery from Hurricane Sandy in , many homeowners were faced with the decision to elevate their home to prevent potential damage in future flood events. Living in an elevated home presents challenges for anyone but is especially difficult for people with disabilities. During recovery from a disaster, disability advocates promote the use of "universal design".

Universal design isplanning space with accommodations such as elevators or lifts, to assist anyone, with or without a disability. A two minute video brought to you by the Ready Campaign and Ad Council showing people with disabilities taking charge to prepare themselves and their families for emergencies. This video is available with open caption, certified deaf interpreter CDI and open caption, and with CDI, open caption and audio descriptions. Insulin from various manufacturers is often made available to patients in an emergency and may be different from a patient's usual insulin.

Distaster Preparedness

After a disaster, patients in the affected area may not have access to refrigeration. According to the product labels from all three U. Unopened and stored in this manner, these products maintain potency until the expiration date on the package. However, all of the available insulin products may be left unrefrigerated between 59 and 86 degrees F for up to 28 days and still maintain potency. Effective Communications for People with Disabilities: Before, During, and After Emergencies. National Council on Disability. A new report by the National Council on Disability NCD describes effective communication practices with people with disabilities before, during and after emergencies.

This report identifies barriers, facilitators, and successful practices to providing effective emergency-related communications. The report examines the current state of affairs concerning the accessibility of emergency-related communications; reviews the enforcement of disability laws and regulations as they pertain to effective communications before, during, and after emergencies. Information on the experiences and perceptions of people with disabilities as they relate to emergency-related communications is also provided. Making Improvements for Communities and People with Disabilities.

This report calls on federal, state, and local authorities to make sweeping changes in emergency management practices for people with disabilities. NCD's report offers information and advice to assist all levels of government in their work to establish evidence-based policies, programs, and practices across the life cycle of disasters. Findings and recommendations contained in the publications in this section come from analyses of applicable laws, regulations, policy guidance, barriers, promising practices, and emergency management models that include active involvement of knowledgeable people with disabilities during each phase.

Including People with Disabilities in Emergency Planning. This report provides an overview of steps the Federal Government should take to build a solid and resilient infrastructure that will enable the government to include the diverse populations of people with disabilities in emergency preparedness, disaster relief, and homeland security programs. This infrastructure incorporates access to technology, physical plants, programs, and communications. It also includes procurement and emergency programs and services. A Look Back and Remaining Challenges. As this report will demonstrate, people with disabilities were disproportionately affected by the Hurricanes because their needs were often overlooked or completely disregarded.

The National Council on Disability NCD offers these findings on the impact of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on people with disabilities to guide the President, Congress, and other emergency planners to develop inclusive emergency preparedness and response plans. Functional Needs of People with Disabilities: This guide highlights key disability concerns to officials and experts responsible for emergency planning in their communities.

Read the brochure for more information and additional resources. The new requirements supplement the Board's accessibility guidelines for facilities covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act ADA and the Architectural Barriers Act ABA by adding provisions and exceptions specific to emergency transportable housing units.

Episode 8 Resources: Emergency Shelter Preparedness

American Red Cross February, Fact Sheet on Shelter in Place. One of the instructions you may be given in an emergency where hazardous materials may have been released into the atmosphere is to shelter-in-place. This is a precaution aimed to keep you safe while remaining indoors. This is not the same thing as going to a shelter in case of a storm. Shelter-in-place means selecting a small, interior room, with no or few windows, and taking refuge there.

It does not mean sealing off your entire home or office building. It serves as the forum for developing and maintaining the CalEPA collective Administrative Orders and emergency response plans. Guided by the Consumer Advisory Committee of the California Department of the Developmental Services, Feeling Safe, Being Safe materials provide practical learning required to put together personal emergency preparedness plans to share with family, neighbors and community support agencies. Coordinates overall planning and preparedness efforts for the California Department of Public Health.

EPO plans and executes activities to prepare Californians for public health emergencies, coordinates planning for the Strategic National Stockpile, maintains contact names and numbers for crisis response, oversees statewide public health disaster planning, and distributes and oversees funds to local health departments for disaster planning. Click here to go to their website.

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ShakeOut drills across the state of California. This guide, written for municipal and regional planners, reflects information, concerns and recommendations that emerged at the daylong forum on December 6, , on "Lessons Learned" from recent large-scale disasters that affected states along the Gulf Coast.

Discussions among forum participants focused on sharing information about Connecticut's system for planning and responding to large scale emergencies, and on ways to make sure the needs of people with disabilities are met.

To be better prepared as a nation, we all must do our part to plan for disasters. All individuals, with or without disabilities, can decrease the impact of a disaster by taking steps to prepare BEFORE an event occurs. Results from focus groups conducted by the National Organization on Disability's Emergency Preparedness Initiative EPI , indicate that people with disabilities need to be more self reliant in emergencies. The National Organization on Disabilities offers this brochure series with specific information for people with different types of disabilities.

People with diabetes will find this information helpful when preparing their emergency preparation and emergency plan. This guide is designed to help local governments create emergency plans and programs that include and are accessible to people with a disability. Chapter 7 of the ADA Best Practices Tool Kit explains state and local governments' legal obligations in emergency situations and lists common accommodations for people with disabilities.

Amendment I is a checklist assessment to evaluate if the emergency policies, procedures, and shelter facilities adequately met the needs of people with disabilities. Emergency Response Preparedness Self-Assessment Instrument for State and Local Governments The National Association of State Directors of Developmental Disabilities Services' Emergency Response Preparedness Self-Assessment Instrument is designed to assist state officials as they evaluate the extent to which their agency's current plans and activities fully and appropriately address the needs of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities during emergencies.

The purpose of this guide is to make emergency managers, planners, and responders aware of the accommodation needs and other key emergency management considerations for people with disabilities. This document from FEMA focuses on the equal access requirements for people with disabilities that apply to the points-of-service that address human needs, specifically the functions and activities comprising Emergency Support Function 6 Disaster Mass Care, Housing, and Human Services.

It is intended to be used by disaster relief planners and service providers, including: Federal, state, local, and tribal governments, and non-governmental and private sector organizations. The document serves as a concise reference guide that describes existing legal requirements and standards relating to access for people with disabilities. This guide was created by the National Fire Protection Agency to answer frequently asked questions about building evacuation in the event of a fire.

For additional questions or further assistance on how to ensure your emergency preparedness and business continuity plans are inclusive of, and responsive to, individuals with disabilities, please contact our Technical Assistance team! The Northeast ADA Center, in conjunction with partner ILC agencies, have compiled this list of resources and tools to help you in your efforts to plan appropriately and best serve our consumers with disabilities during emergencies: Business Continuity for Human Service Providers Many people with disabilities receive various kinds of support from human service providers in their communities.

Accommodation and Compliance Series: Employers' Guide to Including Employees with Disabilities in Emergency Evacuation Plans This guide provided by the Job Accommodation Network can be helpful for businesses that are developing an emergency evacuation plan. Preparing Makes Sense for People with Disabilities and Special Needs This FEMA website page provides individuals with disabilities basic information information about preparing an emergency kit and making an emergency plan.