The fate of the field, however, was intimately tied to the global conflict with America's adversary, and when Soviet socialism collapsed, Sovietology disappeared along with it.
Yet the contours of understanding a distant and little known rival continue to influence new generations still perplexed by that part of the world. This clearly argued, fair-minded, and very illuminating volume reveals more interesting individuals and a more complicated story as archives always do than the oft repeated commonplaces about this history have revealed. America's Place in World History "[D]eeply researched new book.
Goldstein, The Chronicle Review "[E]ngrossing. Richardson, Russian Life "[An] essential book for any student of the former Soviet Union-and anyone who wants to understand how scholarship is made when it is intertwined with national security concerns. Know Your Enemy proves to be a good example of how scholars in the humanities can use their substantial research and teaching skills to combine a rigorous scholarly analysis of a subject with an engaging text in order to reach a wide and varied readership.
Know Your Enemy brings together institutional and intellectual history to add fresh insights to the field of Cold War Studies This important book brings back into view the problematic role of the academy at the intersection of scholarship, epistemology, and national security. Oxford University Press; 1 edition October 1, Language: Related Video Shorts 0 Upload your video.
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Please try again later. It is a meticulously researched effort that suffers from the typical shortfall of meticulously researched efforts: That said, it is an important work that helps frame the development of an increasingly self-conscious field. This is an entirely fascinating book that is masquerading as a dull study of those unique scholars, mostly social scientists, who in the wake of WWII and in the early Cold War developed and participated in Soviet studies.
Know Your Enemy and millions of other books are available for Amazon Kindle. Staging Growth: Modernization, Development, and the Global Cold War (Culture, Politics, and the Cold by David C. Engerman Paperback $ David C. Engerman is the author of Modernization from the. Know Your Enemy. The Rise and Fall of America's Soviet Experts. David C. Engerman. First historical account of Soviet Studies; Based on well.
Engerman with the narrowness which is characteristic of modern academic research only vaguely mentions that in point of fact the post-WWII period saw the creation and growth of the area studies concept for all regions. Although he focuses only on Soviet experts much of what he recounts of their experiences, particularly their involvement in national policy, was replicated by area studies experts in general. The use of academic expertise to understand complex and different, but hostile societies began in WWII particularly with Japan, when cultural anthropologists, such as Ruth Benedict, were asked to examine Japanese culture and society.
The Office of Strategic Services OSS had a research and analysis division along with a host of academic experts began various Russian studies programs at first to better understand an important ally and towards the end of the war a potential enemy. Also various private foundations, such as the Ford Foundation, recognized the need for the U.
Air Force was particularly interested in such studies for strategic planning purposes and CIA in its early days used scholarly research to supplement its production of finished intelligence. All this gave Soviet Studies both the financing and relevance to blossom across the country although Engerman focus primarily on the Centers established at Harvard and Columbia Universities. This also was the halcyon days for the Rand Corporation which served principally as the semi-private think tank of the Air Force and from which a good deal of good scholarship emerged on Soviet issues.
Interestingly enough when CIA produced a controversial National Intelligence Estimate of Soviet strategic capabilities it was subjected to a competitive review by an outside group a "B Team" that included Academic Soviet Experts who effectively questioned its accuracy. Although he implies that Russian studies have ceased to be important, many scholars would disagree and would argue that the opening up of Russian archives have opened entirely new vistas to scholars.
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Soviet Studies became a vibrant intellectual enterprise, studying not just the Soviet threat, but Soviet society and culture at a time when many said that these were contradictions in terms, as well as Russian history and literature. And this broad network, Engerman argues, forever changed the relationship between the government and academe, connecting the Pentagon with the ivory tower in ways that still matter today.
A Field in Formation 1. Growth and Dispersion 4. Russian History as Past Politics 7. The Soviet Union as a Modern Society 8. Crisis, Conflict, and Collapse 9. The Dual Crises of Russian Studies Right Turn into Halls of Power Left Turn into the Ivory Tower Engerman combines thorough research with a firm footing in the sociology of knowledge of the post-World War II world in this remarkable story of the U. The author sensibly and dispassionately navigates the reader through the maelstrom of conflicts and controversies that beset the field and is practitioners from the Second World War until the fall of the Soviet Union.
Know Your Enemy is based on a sophisticated knowledge of postwar American scholarship on the Soviet Union in five academic disciplines--history, literary studies, economics, socioloy, and political science Anyone with a serious interest in the study of the Soviet Union should read it closely and ponder its lessons.