The works cited here privilege Anglo-American, western European, and, more generally, institutional variants of democratic theory, and, therefore, they do not exhaust the full range of thought on the subject. A number of works have been published that provide overviews of the different historical and contemporary forms of democratic thought.
Written by one of the most renowned democratic theorists in the United States, Dahl offers a brief and highly readable introduction to democratic thought that brings together normative and empirical strands of research. Crick offers another brief and accessible guide to the various traditions of democratic thought, while Cunningham presents a more comprehensive survey of the different currents of democratic theory and their historical developments.
The text is notable for its discussion of theories of deliberative democracy and theories of radical pluralism, two of the more recent and popular trends in democratic theory. Held provides one of the most popular overviews of the various models of democracy coupled with a critical account of what democracy means in light of globalization. Another critical account of the field of contemporary democratic theory is offered by Shapiro , while Keane provides a historical narrative of sweeping scope that tells the story of democratic governments and ideals as they have developed and transformed since classical Greece.
Dryzek and Dunleavy focuses on theories of the liberal democratic state, while Christiano provides an introductory exploration of normative democratic thought. Dunn offers a collection of essays written by leading political theorists that charts the development and contemporary significance of the idea of democracy. Edited by Edward N. An introductory survey of some of the major debates in the field of normative democratic theory.
Emphasis is placed on the tasks of defining democracy, articulating the moral foundations of democracy, and explaining the requirements of democratic citizenship in large societies. A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, A brief guide to the history of the major traditions of democratic thought from ancient Greece to the present.
Included are discussions of some of the major issues surrounding republicanism, populism, democratic citizenship, and the conditions required for the institution of a democracy. Presents a summary of some of the major problems that confront democracies in the real world followed by a comprehensive discussion of historical and current paradigms of democratic thought. Yale University Press, A brief but highly accessible and informative guide to the field of democratic theory written with both scholars and the general public in mind.
Dryzek, John, and Patrick Dunleavy. Theories of the Democratic State. An overview of the dominant contemporary approaches to understanding the modern liberal democratic state. Consists of a collection of essays that traces the historical development and contemporary significance of the concept of democracy. The assumption is that to understand contemporary democratic life, we must first grasp the dynamic history and emergence of democratic ideas and practices.
Stanford University Press, First published in and widely adopted as a text of choice for university courses in democracy and governance throughout North America. Provides an introduction to the central theories of democracy from classical Greece to the present. Places special emphasis on the challenges that globalization poses for democratic governance. The Life and Death of Democracy. A comprehensive and highly accessible historical account of the origins and development of democratic government and ideals.
The State of Democratic Theory. Princeton University Press, A critical survey of the state of contemporary democratic theory. Normativity of Law in Philosophy of Law. Philosophy of Law, Misc in Philosophy of Law. Government and Democracy in Social and Political Philosophy. Political Theory in Social and Political Philosophy. Brown has argued that donor voting caucuses produce a deliberative deficit between donor and non-donor members in the Global Fund International Board.
Although we agree with this assessment, in our research on low-transaction cost alternatives to cope with consistent deliberative conditions we have found that deliberation and interest-based preference maximisation are not necessarily mutually exclusive, as long as we manage to stop donor members from behaving like monopolists.
Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Dr Hercules Bantas has been teaching and reading Kindle App Ad. Look inside this book. Deliberative Democracy Basics ( Understanding Western Philosophy Book 1) by [Bantas, Hercules]. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Dr Hercules Bantas has been teaching and reading Deliberative Democracy Basics (Understanding Western Philosophy Book 1). Hercules Bantas. Kindle Edition. $ · The Complete Deliberative.
To this end, we have to open up the Board from This will also soften the current principal-agent structure that links members to their donors, easing the transition to market-driven governance rules that provide for the replacement of Board members if they do not fulfil the new constituents' expectations. And if so, how do you interpret the word? Giorgio Agamben traces the tense history of constitutions and their coexistence with various governments. Alain Badiou contrasts current democratic practice with democratic communism.
Daniel Bensaid ponders the institutionalization of democracy, while Wendy Brown Kristin Ross identifies hierarchical relationships within democratic practice, and Slavoj Zizek complicates the distinction between those who desire to own the state and those who wish to do without it. They confront disincentives to active democratic participation that have caused voter turnout to decline in western countries, and they address electoral indifference by invoking and reviving the tradition of citizen involvement.
Passionately written and theoretically rich, this collection speaks to all facets of modern political and democratic debate. Jean-Luc Nancy in Continental Philosophy. Political Philosophy in Continental Philosophy. A common objection to deliberative democracy is that available evidence on public ignorance makes it unlikely that social deliberation among the public is a process likely to yield accurate outputs.
The present paper considers—and ultimately rejects—two responses to this objection. The main problem for this response is that there are So why keep bothering with deliberation? The second response attempts to answer this question by arguing that only socially deliberative practices can confer legitimacy on the resulting policies. In response to this, it is argued that information markets actually carry more promise than does social deliberation when it comes to offering the kinds of justifications that are relevant to legitimacy.
Social Epistemology, Misc in Epistemology. Remove from this list. We decided that a commentary to the original Aikin essay from the perspective of humanities policy would be beneficial. We then invited Scott Aikin to respond to this commentary.
Environmental Pluralism in Philosophy of Biology. Environmental Pragmatism in Philosophy of Biology. This article explores the boundaries of the commitment of deliberative democrats to communication and persuasion over threats and intimidation through examining the hard cases of civil disobedience and terrorism.
The case of civil disobedience is challenging as deliberative democrats typically support this tactic under certain conditions, yet such a move threatens to blur the Habermasian distinction between instrumental and communicative action that informs many accounts of deliberative democracy. However, noting that civil disobedience is deemed acceptable to many deliberative democrats so Whilst acknowledging that the deliberative democrat cannot really justify taking life as a tactic to induce deliberation, as 'dead people cannot deliberate', Allen notes that this does not rule out terrorism per se, the object of which is not death so much as generating overwhelming fear.
Further, while a permanent condition of fear would set limits on deliberation, limited and temporary physical harm to persons need not. This implies that deliberative democrats must explain why intentionally causing some physical harm to property or persons is always an illegitimate form of communication. Empirical research on public opinion has tended to misjudge the normative rationales for modern democracy.
Although it is often presumed that citizens' policy preferences are the opinions of interest to democratic theorists, and that democracy requires a highly informed citizenry, neither of these premises represents a dominant position in mainstream democratic theory. Besides incorrect assumptions about major tenets of democratic theory, empirical research on civic engagement is running into dead ends that will require normative analysis to overcome.
The question of how society should deal with social conflicts arising from cultural differences persists. Should we adopt an exclusivist approach by excluding reasons based on specific cultural traditions from public debates about social policy, especially because these reasons do not appeal to the public at large? Or should we resort to an inclusivist approach by including reasons based on cultural traditions in public debate to give recognition to the diverse cultural identities of those who practice these traditions?
This paper reviews contending normative approaches for dealing with conflicts in multicultural societies and explores the place of culture-based reasons in public debates designed to resolve conflicts. Arts and Humanities, Misc in Arts and Humanities. Democracy in Social and Political Philosophy. Landemore's argument rests heavily on studies of collective intelligence done by Lu Hong and Scott Page. These studies purport to show that cognitive diversity — differences in how people solve problems — is actually more important to overall group Landemore's argument aims to extrapolate from these results to the conclusion that democracy is epistemically better than any non-democratic rival.
I argue here that Hong and Page's results actually undermine, rather than support, this conclusion. More specifically, I argue that the results do not show that democracy is better than any non-democratic alternative, and that in fact, they suggest the opposite — that at least some non-democratic alternatives are likely to epistemically outperform democracy. Justification of Democracy in Social and Political Philosophy. Social Epistemology in Epistemology. This is because the principles of the multiparty system presuppose that decision-making through voting should be the result of a mere aggregation of pre-existing, fixed preferences.
To this kind of decision-making, I propose deliberative democracy as a supplementary approach.
My reason is that deliberation, beyond mere voting, should be central to decisionmaking and that, for a decision to I argue that a deliberative turn in politics in Africa will have a mitigating effect on tribal and money politics. The philosophy of pragmatism advances an evolutionary, learning-oriented perspective that is problem-driven, reflexive, and deliberative.
For many contemporary liberal political philosophers the appropriate response to the facts of pluralism is the requirement of public reasonableness, namely that individuals should be able to offer to their fellow citizens reasons for their political actions that can generally be accepted. This article finds wanting two possible arguments for such a requirement: A respect in which conversational restraint in the face of political agreement The proceduralist view which commends substantive disagreement within agreement on procedures is briefly outlined, as is the possible role for civic virtue on this view.
Liberalism in Social and Political Philosophy. In this paper we argue that Sen's defence of liberal democracy suffers from a moralistic and pro-liberal bias that renders it unable to take pluralism as seriously as it professes to do. Our argument generalises as a critique of the two most common responses to the fact of pluralism in contemporary That is to say, the difficulties with pluralism we identify can be traced back to the particular version of Kantian deontology prevalent in contemporary liberalism, and to the equally prevalent aspiration to ground political legitimacy in a moralised consensus.
Cultural Pluralism in Social and Political Philosophy. Equality and Capabilities in Social and Political Philosophy. Governments and other groups interested in the views of citizens require the means to present justifications of proposed actions, and the means to solicit public opinion concerning these justifications.
Although Internet technologies provide the means for such dialogues, system designers usually face a choice between allowing unstructured dialogues, through, for example, bulletin boards, or requiring citizens to acquire a knowledge of some argumentation schema or theory, as in, for example, ZENO.
Your display name should be at least 2 characters long. In this connection, through the work of Ackerman, we intend to fill in some of the gaps that Habermas appears to have left in the theory of radical democracy applied to the law. Choose how you want to monitor it: In response to this, it is argued that information markets actually carry more promise than does social deliberation when it comes to offering the kinds of justifications that are relevant to legitimacy. The proceduralist view which commends substantive disagreement within agreement on procedures is briefly outlined, as is the possible role for civic virtue on this view.
Both of these options present usability problems. Eleatics in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy. Science, Logic, and Mathematics. Freedom and Liberty in Social and Political Philosophy. Political Views in Social and Political Philosophy. Toleration in Social and Political Philosophy. Civic Virtue in Social and Political Philosophy. Civil Society in Social and Political Philosophy. Public Justification in Social and Political Philosophy.
This is an inquiry into the economic psychology of trust: Culture and Cultures in Social and Political Philosophy. States and Nations in Social and Political Philosophy.
Trust in Normative Ethics. This includes a small, but growing body of literature tackling the connection between Such studies suggest that cases approaching ideal deliberation are rare, but that group interaction sometimes works surprisingly well according to such ideals.
Political Ethics in Applied Ethics. Recent discussion in democratic theory has seen a revival of interest in pragmatism. Drawing on the work of C. Peirce, Cheryl Misak and Robert Talisse have argued that a form of deliberative democracy is justified as the means for citizens to assure themselves of the truth of their beliefs.