Translated by John Black , edited by William A. The Comedies of Goldoni by Maggie Gunsberg. A Biography by H.
Secret Sharers in Italian Comedy: From Machiavelli to Goldoni by Jackson I. Scroll down to the bottom for a list of Goldoni's plays.
The Man of the World. Gozzi criticises Goldoni for having disposed with poetry and imagination in drama. For his service Goldoni receives a pension. It was reserved for Carlo Goldoni to effect the dramatic revolution so frequently attempted by men whose talents were unequal to the task. Goldoni, a native of Venice, was born in , and almost lived out the century, for he died in Paris in In his memoirs, written by himself, is depicted with the utmost liveliness the born comedian, careless, light-hearted and with a happy temperament, proof against all strokes of fate, yet thoroughly respectable and honourable.
Such characters were common enough in Italy, and it is somewhat remarkable that he should have been the only one of his many talented countrymen to win a European reputation as a comic writer.
In tragedy other names have appeared since the death of Alfieri, but Goldoni still stands alone. This may be partly explained by the absence in comedy of a literary style which at the same time was national.
Goldoni gave to his country a classical form, which, though it has since been cultivated, has never been cultivated by a master. The son of a physician, Goldoni inherited his dramatic tastes from his grandfather, and all attempts to direct his activity into other channels were of no avail. Educated as a lawyer, and holding lucrative positions as secretary and councillor, he seemed, indeed, at one time to have settled down to the practice of law, but an unexpected summons to Venice, after an absence of several years, changed his career, and thenceforth he devoted himself to writing plays and managing theatres.
He was employed by Medebac to write plays for his theater in Venice.
He worked for other managers and produced during his stay in that city some of his most characteristic works. He also wrote Momolo Cortesan in This style was typified in La Donna di garbo, the first Italian comedy of its kind. After , Goldoni collaborated with the composer Baldassare Galuppi, making significant contributions to the new form of 'opera buffa'. Galuppi composed the score for more than twenty of Goldoni's librettos.
As with his comedies, Goldoni's opera buffa integrate elements of the Commedia dell'arte with recognisable local and middle-class realities.
In his father matriculated him into the stern Collegio Ghislieri in Pavia, which imposed the tonsure and monastic habits on its students. However, he relates in his Memoirs that a considerable part of his time was spent in reading Greek and Latin comedies. He had already begun writing at this time; and, in his third year, he composed a libellous poem Il colosso in which he ridiculed the daughters of certain Pavian families.
He studied law at Udine, and eventually took his degree at Modena. He was employed as law clerk at Chioggia and Feltre, after which he returned to his native city and began practicing. Educated as a lawyer, and holding lucrative positions as secretary and councillor, he seemed, indeed, at one time to have settled down to the practice of law, but following an unexpected summons to Venice, after an absence of several years, he changed his career, and thenceforth he devoted himself to writing plays and managing theatres.
His father died in In , to avoid an unwanted marriage, he left the town for Milan and then for Verona, where the theatre manager Giuseppe Imer helped him on his way to becoming a comical poet as well as introducing him to his future wife, Nicoletta Conio. Finding libraries that hold this item You may have already requested this item.
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