Perseverance of the saints is the teaching that the work of God the Holy Spirit will never cease in the Christian, that all who are truly regenerated will never stop believing and trusting in Christ, that they will never lose their salvation, and that they will persevere to the end because God has promised to never leave them or forsake them Hebrews This doctrine does not mean that everyone who professes to be a Christian will persevere because there can be those who are false converts and are not truly regenerated.
In other words, there are people who appear to be saved, but who are not. These often walk away from the faith Mark 4: It means that ultimately, they will remain in the faith because it is God who is keeping them and not themselves. The doctrine of perseverance is usually held by calvinistic groups and is based in the doctrines of election and predestination where God elects chooses people for salvation 2 Thess.
If God is sovereign and he works all things after the council of his will Eph. Furthermore, perseverance is not a license to sin. Those who are saved and eternally kept by God are also regenerated John 3: First, the will of the Father is that Jesus lose none of those who have been given to him by the Father. If Jesus does not accomplish this, then Jesus has failed to do the will of the Father - which would imply that Jesus had sinned, but this cannot be.
Second, if people can lose their salvation and thereby render the doctrine of perseverance of the saints false, then the Father exercised bad judgment by trusting Jesus with the ones he had given to him. Perhaps this is why Jesus said in John Both traditional Calvinism and traditional Arminianism have rejected Free Grace theology.
Reformed theology has uniformly asserted that "no man is a Christian who does not feel some special love for righteousness" Institutes ,  and therefore sees Free Grace theology, which allows for the concept of a "carnal Christian" or even an "unbelieving Christian", as a form of radical antinomianism.
Arminianism, which has always believed true believers can give themselves completely over to sin, has also rejected the Free Grace view for the opposite reason of Calvinism: Free Grace theology struggles to maintain a middle ground, hoping to grasp the permancy of salvation Calvinism with one hand, while maintaining a true believer can still give up faith and choose to live a life of sin and unbelief Arminianism.
Both Calvinists and Arminians appeal to Biblical passages such as 1 Cor. Otherwise, you have believed in vain" , Hebrews 3: If we disown him, he will also disown us". In addition to fitting neatly in the overarching Calvinist soteriology , Reformed and Free Grace advocates alike find specific support for the doctrine in various passages from the Bible:. Some Calvinists admit that their interpretation is not without difficulties. One apparent consequence is that not all who "have shared in the Holy Spirit" [Acts This is a consequence Calvinists are willing to accept since the Bible also says that King Saul had the "Spirit of God" in some sense and even prophesied by it, [1Sam Some challenge the Calvinist doctrine based on their interpretation of the admonishments in the book of Hebrews, including several passages in the Book of Hebrews ,  but especially Hebrews 6: The debate over these passages centers around the identity of the persons in question.
While opponents of perseverance identify the persons as Christian believers, Calvinists suggest several other options:. In general, proponents of the doctrine of perseverance interpret such passages, which urge the church community to persevere in the faith but seem to indicate that some members of the community might fall away, as encouragement to persevere rather than divine warnings.
That is, they view the prophets and apostles as writing "from the human perspective", in which the members of the elect are unknowable and all should "work out [their] own salvation" [Phil 2: The primary objection to this Calvinist approach is that it might equally be said that these difficult passages are intended to be divine warnings to believers who do not persevere, rather than a revealing of God's perpetual grace towards believers.
The passage is understood by some to mean that "falling away" from an active commitment to Christ may cause one to lose their salvation, after they have attained salvation either according to the Reformed or Free Grace theology. However, numerous conservative Bible scholars do not believe the passage refers to a Christian losing genuinely attained salvation.
For it is impossible, in the case of those who have once been enlightened, who have tasted the heavenly gift, and have shared in the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the goodness of the word of God and the powers of the age to come, and then have fallen away, to restore them again to repentance, since they are crucifying once again the Son of God to their own harm and holding him up to contempt.
For land that has drunk the rain that often falls on it, and produces a crop useful to those for whose sake it is cultivated, receives a blessing from God. But if it bears thorns and thistles, it is worthless and near to being cursed, and its end is to be burned. The primary objection lodged against the doctrine is that such teaching will lead to license. That is, objectors contend that if people know they can never lose their salvation they will feel free to sin without fear of eternal consequences.
Traditional Calvinists see this charge as being justly leveled against the Free Grace doctrine, which doesn't see sanctification as a necessary component of salvation, and in the controversy over Lordship salvation , traditional Calvinists argued against the proponents of the Free Grace doctrine. Traditional Calvinists, and many other non-Calvinist evangelicals, posit that a truly converted heart will necessarily follow after God and live in accordance with his precepts, though perfection is not achievable, struggles with sin will continue, and some temporary "backsliding" may occur.
The central tenet of the Arminian view is that although believers are preserved from all external forces that might attempt to separate them from God, they have the free will to separate themselves from God. Although God will not change His mind about a believer's salvation, a believer can willingly repudiate faith either by express denial of faith or by continued sinful activity combined with an unwillingness to repent.
In this manner, salvation is conditional, not unconditional as Calvinism teaches. Traditional Calvinists do not dispute that salvation requires faithfulness. However, Calvinists contend that God is sovereign and cannot permit a true believer to depart from faith. Arminians argue that God is sufficiently sovereign and omnipotent to embed free will into humanity so that true Christians may exercise free will and fall away from the saving grace they once possessed.
Sproul, an influential Calvinist, disagrees, expressing God's sovereignty over salvation as follows: It is as though God wrote the script for us in concrete and we are merely carrying out his scenario. Respecting these parameters, Catholics can have a variety of views as regards final perseverance. On questions of predestination, Catholic scholars may be broadly characterized as either Molinists or Thomists.
The views of the latter are similar to those of Calvinists, in that they understand final perseverance to be a gift applied by God to the regenerated that will assuredly lead them to ultimate salvation. They differ from Calvinists in but one respect: Thomists affirm that God can permit men to come to regeneration without giving them the special gift of divine perseverance, so that they do fall away.
Calvinists, by contrast, deny that an individual can fall away if they are truly regenerate. Like both Calvinist camps, confessional Lutherans view the work of salvation as monergistic in that "the natural [that is, corrupted and divinely unrenewed] powers of man cannot do anything or help towards salvation",  and Lutherans go further along the same lines as the Free Grace advocates to say that the recipient of saving grace need not cooperate with it. Hence, Lutherans believe that a true Christian that is, a genuine recipient of saving grace can lose his or her salvation, "[b]ut the cause is not as though God were unwilling to grant grace for perseverance to those in whom He has begun the good work… [but that these persons] wilfully turn away…" .
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Calvinism John Calvin. Afrikaners Huguenots Pilgrims Puritans other English dissenters. History of Calvinist-Arminian debate. This section contains too many quotations for an encyclopedic entry. Please help improve the article by presenting facts as a neutrally-worded summary with appropriate citations.
Consider transferring direct quotations to Wikiquote.
This section uncritically uses texts from within a religion or faith system without referring to secondary sources that critically analyze them. Please help improve this article by adding references to reliable secondary sources , with multiple points of view. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Conditional preservation of the saints.
In commenting on verses six and nine of 1 John 3, Marvin Vincent said, "John does not teach that believers do not sin, but is speaking of a character, a habit. A Christian who does not repent of failing to abide in Christ can only anticipate destruction in the final day. A few verses on Perseverance of the Saints John 6: A Study of the Doctrine of Perseverance. PDF file size k.
Grace, Faith, Free Will. Retrieved 14 August Teologins historia [ History of Theology ] in German.
Translated by Gene J. Systematic Theology , 3. Can You Be Sure? More recently, however, a third view has emerged [i. They will be saved even if they immediately renounce their faith and lead a life of debauched atheism.
Many people today find this view attractive, but it is blatantly unbiblical. There is much in the New Testament that makes it clear that discipleship is not an optional extra and that remaining faithful is a condition of salvation. The whole letter to the Hebrews focuses on warning Jewish believers not to forsake Christ and so lose their salvation. Also, much of the teaching of Jesus warns against thinking that a profession of faith is of use if it is not backed up by our lives.
Apart from being unbiblical, this approach is dangerous, for a number of reasons. It encourages a false complacency, the idea that there can be salvation without discipleship. Also it encourages a 'tip and run' approach to evangelism which is concerned only to lead people to make a 'decision', with scant concern about how these 'converts' will subsequently live.
Perseverance of the saints is a teaching that asserts that once persons are truly " born of God" or "regenerated" by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, nothing in. So the old axiom in Reformed theology about the perseverance of the saints is this: If you have it—that is, if you have genuine faith and are in a.
This is in marked contrast to the attitude of the apostle Paul, who was deeply concerned about his converts' lifestyle and discipleship. One only needs to read Galatians or 1 Corinthians to see that he did not hold to this recent view.
The author of Hebrews was desperately concerned that his readers might lose their salvation by abandoning Christ. These three letters make no sense if salvation is guaranteed by one single 'decision for Christ'. This view is pastorally disastrous" Exploring Christian Doctrine: A Guide to What Christians Believe , Rodman Williams says of this view: Systematic Theology from a Charismatic Perspective , 2: Commentary on Hebrews 6: Revised Theologies and New Methods of Interpretation.
Churches under Siege of Persecution and Assimilation: The General Epistles and Revelation. Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.
The Doctrine of Salvation Crossway, , Bruce Demarest, The Cross and Salvation: Hoekema Saved by Grace. The Final Perseverance of the Saints. The Race Set Before Us: A Biblical Theology of Perseverance and Assurance. Staying in and Falling Away. A Study on the Teachings of Jesus.