The version, after it was first given on 14 March of that year in Florence, was successful and was performed all over Italy in some 21 locations some repeated  until the revised version appeared in , at which time it was recorded that it was given only in Turin , Vicenza , Firenze , and Milan After the premiere of the revised version, which was followed by only 13 more performances, the opera generally fell from popularity.
It was given in Paris in April and then occasionally up to about However, after that, it was rarely performed until after World War II. The US premiere of the later version did not take place until 24 October in New York,  but two European productions, in Berlin in the s and at Glyndebourne in and , were important in helping the 20th Century revival. The production was the UK premiere of the revised version and the first to combine the death of Macbeth from the version with the triumphal ending from the version, something totally against Verdi's wishes.
Glydebourne revived it in the s but it was not until that it appeared on the Metropolitan Opera 's roster for the first time and has often been performed there since then. The Opera Guild of Montreal also presented it in Similarly, the first presentations at the Royal Opera House , Covent Garden , with Tito Gobbi and then others in the title role took place on 30 March , with other productions presented in and However, the version was given in concert at the Royal Opera House on 27 June  and both the original and the revised versions were presented in as part of the Sarasota Opera 's "Verdi Cycle" of all the composer's operas in their different versions.
Today, Verdi's Macbeth receives many performances at opera houses all over the world. Groups of witches gather in a wood beside a battlefield, exchanging stories of the "evils" they have done. The victorious generals Macbeth and Banco enter. The witches hail Macbeth as Thane of Glamis a title he already holds by inheritance , Thane of Cawdor, and king "hereafter. The witches vanish, and messengers from the king appear naming Macbeth Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth protests that the holder of that title is still alive, but the messengers reply that the former Thane has been executed as a traitor.
Banco, mistrusting the witches, is horrified to find that they have spoken the truth. In a duet, Macbeth and Banco muse that the first of the witches' prophecies has been fulfilled. Macbeth ponders how close he is to the throne, and whether fate will crown him without his taking action, yet dreams of blood and treachery: Lady Macbeth reads a letter from her husband telling of the encounter with the witches.
She is determined to propel Macbeth to the throne - by fair means or foul. When Macbeth returns she urges him to take the opportunity to kill the King. The King and the nobles arrive and Macbeth is emboldened to carry out the murder Mi si affaccia un pugnal? Disgusted at his cowardice, Lady Macbeth completes the crime, incriminating the sleeping guards by smearing them with Duncan's blood and planting on them Macbeth's dagger.
Macduff arrives for an appointment with the King, while Banco stands guard, only for Macduff instead to discover the murder. He rouses the castle while Banco also bears witness to the fact of Duncan's murder. The chorus calls on God to avenge the killing Schiudi, inferno,. Macbeth is now king: Duncan's son Malcolm has fled the country, suspicion having conveniently fallen on him for his father's murder: To prevent this he tells his wife that he will have both Banco and his son murdered as they come to a banquet.
A gang of murderers lie in wait. Banco, sensing danger shares his misgivings with his son. The murderers attack and stab him to death, but his son escapes. The assassination is reported to Macbeth, but when he returns to the table the ghost of Banco is sitting in his place.
William Shakespeare ( - ) fue un dramaturgo, poeta y actor inglés. Conocido en ocasiones como el Bardo de Avon (o simplemente El Bardo). domaine-solitude.com: William Shakespeare: Macbeth (Spanish Edition) ( ): William Shakespeare: Books.
Macbeth raves at the ghost and the horrified guests believe he has gone mad. Lady Macbeth manages to calm the situation once - and even mocks it by calling for a toast to the absent Banco whose death is not yet public knowledge , only for the ghost to appear a second time and terrify Macbeth into insanity again.
Macduff resolves to leave the country, saying it is ruled by a cursed hand and only the wicked may remain: The banquet ends abruptly with their hurried, frightened departure. The witches gather around a cauldron in a dark cave.
Macbeth enters and they conjure up three apparitions for him. The first advises him to beware of Macduff.
The second tells him that he cannot be harmed by a man 'born of woman'. I laid their daggers ready; He could not miss 'em. Had he not resembled My father as he slept, I had done't. Enter a Porter Porter Here's a knocking indeed! If a man were porter of hell-gate, he should have old turning the key. Within the volume of which time I have seen Hours dreadful and things strange; but this sore night Hath trifled former knowings. Is't night's predominance, or the day's shame, That darkness does the face of earth entomb, When living light should kiss it?
Old Man 'Tis unnatural, Even like the deed that's done. On Tuesday last, A falcon, towering in her pride of place, Was by a mousing owl hawk'd at and kill'd. ROSS And Duncan's horses--a thing most strange and certain-- Beauteous and swift, the minions of their race, Turn'd wild in nature, broke their stalls, flung out, Contending 'gainst obedience, as they would make War with mankind.
Old Man 'Tis said they eat each other. Here comes the good Macduff. If there come truth from them-- As upon thee, Macbeth, their speeches shine-- Why, by the verities on thee made good, May they not be my oracles as well, And set me up in hope? Servant Ay, madam, but returns again to-night. Servant Madam, I will. Enter three Murderers First Murderer But who did bid thee join with us?
Second Murderer He needs not our mistrust, since he delivers Our offices and what we have to do To the direction just. First Murderer Then stand with us. The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day: Now spurs the lated traveller apace To gain the timely inn; and near approaches The subject of our watch.
Second Murderer Then 'tis he: First Murderer His horses go about. Third Murderer Almost a mile: Second Murderer A light, a light! Lords Thanks to your majesty. Our hostess keeps her state, but in best time We will require her welcome. First Murderer appears at the door.
How did you dare To trade and traffic with Macbeth In riddles and affairs of death; And I, the mistress of your charms, The close contriver of all harms, Was never call'd to bear my part, Or show the glory of our art? And, which is worse, all you have done Hath been but for a wayward son, Spiteful and wrathful, who, as others do, Loves for his own ends, not for you. But make amends now: Your vessels and your spells provide, Your charms and every thing beside. I am for the air; this night I'll spend Unto a dismal and a fatal end: Great business must be wrought ere noon: Upon the corner of the moon There hangs a vaporous drop profound; I'll catch it ere it come to ground: And that distill'd by magic sleights Shall raise such artificial sprites As by the strength of their illusion Shall draw him on to his confusion: He shall spurn fate, scorn death, and bear He hopes 'bove wisdom, grace and fear: And you all know, security Is mortals' chiefest enemy.
Music and a song within: The gracious Duncan Was pitied of Macbeth: And the right-valiant Banquo walk'd too late; Whom, you may say, if't please you, Fleance kill'd, For Fleance fled: Who cannot want the thought how monstrous It was for Malcolm and for Donalbain To kill their gracious father? How it did grieve Macbeth!
Was not that nobly done? Ay, and wisely too; For 'twould have anger'd any heart alive To hear the men deny't. So that, I say, He has borne all things well: Lord The son of Duncan, From whom this tyrant holds the due of birth Lives in the English court, and is received Of the most pious Edward with such grace That the malevolence of fortune nothing Takes from his high respect: That, by the help of these--with Him above To ratify the work--we may again Give to our tables meat, sleep to our nights, Free from our feasts and banquets bloody knives, Do faithful homage and receive free honours: All which we pine for now: Some holy angel Fly to the court of England and unfold His message ere he come, that a swift blessing May soon return to this our suffering country Under a hand accursed!
Lord I'll send my prayers with him. In the middle, a boiling cauldron.
Enter the three Witches First Witch Thrice the brinded cat hath mew'd. Second Witch Thrice and once the hedge-pig whined. Third Witch Harpier cries 'Tis time, 'tis time. First Witch Round about the cauldron go; In the poison'd entrails throw.
Toad, that under cold stone Days and nights has thirty-one Swelter'd venom sleeping got, Boil thou first i' the charmed pot. ALL Double, double toil and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble. Second Witch Fillet of a fenny snake, In the cauldron boil and bake; Eye of newt and toe of frog, Wool of bat and tongue of dog, Adder's fork and blind-worm's sting, Lizard's leg and owlet's wing, For a charm of powerful trouble, Like a hell-broth boil and bubble. ALL Double, double toil and trouble; Fire burn and cauldron bubble.
Third Witch Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf, Witches' mummy, maw and gulf Of the ravin'd salt-sea shark, Root of hemlock digg'd i' the dark, Liver of blaspheming Jew, Gall of goat, and slips of yew Silver'd in the moon's eclipse, Nose of Turk and Tartar's lips, Finger of birth-strangled babe Ditch-deliver'd by a drab, Make the gruel thick and slab: Add thereto a tiger's chaudron, For the ingredients of our cauldron.
Second Witch Cool it with a baboon's blood, Then the charm is firm and good. ROSS You must have patience, madam. His flight was madness: He loves us not; He wants the natural touch: It has been adapted to film, television, opera, novels, comic books, and other media.
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