It is unclear whether the tribulation Jesus describes is a past , present or future event. In the Gospels of Matthew and Mark, Jesus spoke this discourse to his disciples privately on the Mount of Olives ,  opposite the Temple.
According to the narrative of the synoptic Gospels, an anonymous disciple remarks on the greatness of Herod's Temple ,  a building thought to have been some 10 stories high and likely to have been adorned with gold, silver, and other precious items. Jesus responds that not one of those stones would remain intact in the building, and the whole thing would be reduced to rubble. The disciples asked Jesus for a sign, "When will this happen, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?
They believed that the Temple played a large role in this, hence the disciple in the first part boasting to Jesus about the Temple's construction.
Jesus' prophecy concerning the Temple's destruction was contrary to their belief system. Jesus sought to correct that impression, first, by discussing the Roman invasion, [Matt. Jesus first warns them about things that would happen that should not be interpreted as signs: Then Jesus identifies "the beginnings of birth pangs", a metaphor for false alarm some older translations incorrectly read "sorrows": Jesus then warned the disciples about the Abomination of Desolation "standing where it does not belong".
The Gospels of Matthew and Mark add "—let the reader understand—". This is generally considered to be a reference to two passages from the Book of Daniel. However, there also are noted Christian theologians who believe that each of Jesus' declarations were prophecies. One view Futurism is that the future Jesus predicted is the unfolding of events from trends that are already at work in contemporary human society.
This is a juxtaposition, balancing the two parts of the discussion. The first part being the answer to the first question concerning the destruction of the Temple, the second part being the answer to the question of Jesus' return at the end of the age.
Hence, concerning the first he says that "this Generation" would see the fulfillment, whereas the second, "No man knows", not even Jesus himself. Although the Book of Daniel internally claims to be a prophecy dictated to Daniel by Gabriel during the Babylonian captivity , modern scholars believe that the Book was pseudepigraphically written in the mid-2nd century BC, and that rather than being a genuine prophecy the passage was a postdiction, written as a polemic against the shrine to Zeus set up in the temple in BC by Antiochus IV Epiphanes , which had a pagan altar added onto the Altar of the Holocausts    Exactly how the Synoptics meant it to be reinterpreted or interpreted, however, is a matter of debate among Christian scholars:.
Until then—if one excepts Sejanus ' heyday [19—31 AD] and the trouble caused by the census after Archelaus' banishment [6 AD]—there was usually an atmosphere of understanding between the Jews and the empire…. These relations deteriorated seriously during Caligula's reign, and, though after his death the peace was outwardly re-established, considerable bitterness remained on both sides. Caligula ordered that a golden statue of himself be set up in the Temple in Jerusalem.
Only Caligula's death, at the hands of Roman conspirators 41 AD , prevented the outbreak of a Jewish-Roman war that might well have spread to the entire East. After Jesus described the "abomination that causes desolation", he warns that the people of Judea should flee to the mountains as a matter of such urgency that they shouldn't even return to get things from their homes.
Jesus also warned that if it happened in winter or on the Sabbath fleeing would be even more difficult. Jesus described this as a time of "Great Tribulation" worse than anything that had gone before. Jesus then states that immediately after the time of tribulation people would see a sign, "the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken".
The statements about the sun and moon turning dark sound quite apocalyptic, as it appears to be a quote from the Book of Isaiah. Joel wrote that this would be a sign before the great and dreadful Day of the Lord. Within conservative, evangelical Christian thought, two opposite viewpoints have been expressed in a debate between theologians Kenneth L.
This is brought out in the parable of the wheat and the tares Matt In the Gospels of Matthew and Mark, Jesus spoke this discourse to his disciples privately on the Mount of Olives ,  opposite the Temple. The second coming is a very deliberate, methodical event as millions come from heaven to make earth their abode throughout the millennial reign of Christ. In the New Testament, one of the most common passages referring to a fig tree is found in Matthew Some special problems of interpretation must be taken into consideration in the study of this chapter. In the holy of holies Antiochus set up a statue of a Greek god.
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ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. East Dane Designer Men's Fashion. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. It all started when people in the crowd at the temple were verbally admiring the temple stones. Jesus unexpectedly threw them a curve when He announced that the temple they were admiring would be destroyed. This prompted questions from the crowd about when the temple would be destroyed:. Jesus gave details about the prophesied destruction of the temple, which later took place in 70AD. But then the Lord reached beyond the prophecy of the temple to the time of the end of the age, when He would return to set up His earthly kingdom.
Apparently, the disciples wanted to know more about the time of the end because later, as they were walking out to the Mount of Olives with Jesus, they asked the questions again about the temple, in addition to the questions about the time of the end. This study will follow Matthew's version of the discourse that Jesus gave to the disciples as they walked from the temple to the Mount of Olives. There are parallels to this discourse in Mark and Luke.
From the Ascension to the Kingdom: Prophecies of Jesus' Olivet Discourse - Kindle edition by David C. Westcott. Download it once and read it on your Kindle . Read Online or Download From the Ascension to the Kingdom: Prophecies of Jesus' Olivet Discourse PDF. Similar bibles books. Download.
Some of the Luke parallels go back to the questions asked by the crowd at the temple, which the disciples asked the Lord again later. I will note the passages from the scene of the temple that parallel the scene at the Mount of Olives through the study.
In the passages above we see that the Luke account took place in the temple in public, while the Matthew and Mark accounts were in private with Jesus and His disciples as they left the temple and walked out to the Mount of Olives. Apparently, the disciples did not understand what Jesus meant when He told the crowd at the temple that it would be destroyed, because as the disciples walked toward the Mount of Olives from the temple they pointed out how well-built the temple was.
In response, Jesus reiterated to the disciples what He had said in the temple - that it would all indeed be destroyed.