It is bordered to the north and west by the Caribbean and to the south by the municipalities of Aracataca, Santa Martas economy is based on tourism, trade, port activities, fishing and agriculture, in that order. The main agricultural products are, bananas, coffee, cocoa, Santa Marta is a major port. Simon Bolivar International Airport is 16 km from the city centre and it should be noted that historic figure Simon Bolivar died here, a significant event for South America as a whole. His villa known as La Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino is located just outside the city centre, as the main city centre is located close to the coast, the city itself has had difficulty controlling expansion.
Although, technically a separate locality, Rodadero is often considered part of Santa Marta itself, Santa Marta has one sister city, Miami Beach, Florida. Libertadores — Libertadores refers to the principal leaders of the Latin American wars of independence from Spain and Portugal. The flags of Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador follow Francisco de Mirandas design of , also, Bolivia was named after Bolivar, who in turn was president of Colombia, Bolivia and twice of Venezuela.
Also, the most prestigious club football competition in South America is named the Copa Libertadores in their honour. Venezuela — Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a federal republic located on the northern coast of South America. It is bordered by Colombia on the west, Brazil on the south, Guyana on the east, Venezuela covers , km2 and has an estimated population of The territory now known as Venezuela was colonized by Spain in amid resistance from indigenous peoples and it gained full independence as a separate country in During the 19th century, Venezuela suffered political turmoil and autocracy, since , the country has had a series of democratic governments.
Venezuela is a presidential republic consisting of 23 states, the Capital District. Venezuela also claims all Guyanese territory west of the Essequibo River, oil was discovered in the early 20th century, and Venezuela has the worlds largest known oil reserves and has been one of the worlds leading exporters of oil. Previously an underdeveloped exporter of commodities such as coffee and cocoa, oil quickly came to dominate exports.
The recovery of oil prices in the early s gave Venezuela oil funds not seen since the s, the Venezuelan government then established populist policies that initially boosted the Venezuelan economy and increased social spending, significantly reducing economic inequality and poverty. However, such policies later became controversial since they destabilized the economy, resulting in hyperinflation, an economic depression. According to the most popular and accepted version, in , the stilt houses in the area of Lake Maracaibo reminded the navigator, Amerigo Vespucci, of the city of Venice, so he named the region Veneziola Piccola Venezia.
The name acquired its current spelling as a result of Spanish influence, where the suffix -uela is used as a term, thus. Thus, the name Venezuela may have evolved from the native word and it is not known how many people lived in Venezuela before the Spanish conquest, it has been estimated at around one million. They also stored water in tanks and their houses were made primarily of stone and wood with thatched roofs. They were peaceful, for the most part, and depended on growing crops, regional crops included potatoes and ullucos. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This name uses Spanish naming customs: Leonor Rebolledo Argumedo 4.
Pedro Ponte-Andrade y Jaspe de Montenegro Francisco Gil de Arratia Mateo Blanco Infante Francisca Blanco y de Herrera Juan Ascencio de Herrera y Ascanio Isabel Clara de Herrera y Liendo Paula Rosa de Liendo y Ochoa. This I can, of course, do, although it is a singular demand. As regards the 'partisan style', it is true that I departed somewhat from the tone of a cyclopedia. To see the dastardly, most miserable and meanest of blackguards described as Napoleon I was altogether too much.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Spanish American wars of independence portal Venezuela portal Politics portal Biography portal. The pride of being a Canario in America. Oxford University Press The literature of propaganda. Oxford University Press , p. Archived 14 August at the Wayback Machine.
A Life , 60— The same night, Pio the servant of Bolivar and Paez plunged his murderous knife into the neck of Captain Felix Amestoy, thinking it was the Liberator. Owes Haitian Gratitude, Not Abuse".
Retrieved 15 September A History of Unbound Graft in Peru 1 ed. Woodrow Wilson Center Press.
Escorpión de sangre: Una novela de Ernesto Medel (Spanish Edition). Kindle Edition . El Diario de Simón Dor (Spanish Edition) Sep 25, by Agustin Fest. Download books in german for free Tigers Hunt At Night: plight of interracial couples Free ebooks for downloads El Diario de Simón Dor (Spanish Edition) by.
Trujillo, March 19, Archivo del Libertador , Document Trujillo, March 21, Writings of Simon Bolivar. Oxford University Press, , p. Hope of the universe print ed. Retrieved 17 July Council on Hemispheric Affairs.
Archived from the original on 30 March Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 16 July And that's how the story ends". Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 29 January Diario de Bucaramanga PDF print ed. Ministry of Popular Power for Communication and Information. Retrieved 18 August First published in the New American Cyclopedia, Vol. Trafford On Demand Pub.
Archived from the original on 8 March Archived from the original on 13 August Political Communication and Leadership: Halvorssen, Thor 25 July Arismendi Posada, Ignacio Gobernantes Colombianos [ Colombian Presidents ] second ed. Bushnell, David; Langley, Lester D. Essays on the Life and Legacy of the Liberator. Grant, Will 5 July Lynch, John 5 July University of New Mexico Press. Petre, Francis Loraine Simon Bolivar "El libertador": Thornton, John Kelly 28 April Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, — Retrieved 8 April President of Venezuela list.
Diez Canseco Prado P. Retrieved from " https: With few restrictions, parents can now choose any name, common sources of names are the parents taste, honouring a relative, the General Roman Calendar nomina, legislation in Spain under Franco legally limited cultural naming customs to only Christian and typical Spanish names 2. The Presidents salary is not to be superior to twelve monthly minimum wages, the Presidential Honor Guard Brigade of Venezuela is in charge of the Presidents protection, as well as the presidential family and their political peers 3.
It was in Madrid that Miranda began to build his personal library, in January , Mirandas father transferred 85, reales vellon, to help his son obtain the position of captain in the Princesss Regiment 5. Cut off from Spain, Venezuela lost the market for its main export, the federal government resorted to printing paper money to pay its debts with Venezuelans, but the paper money rapidly lost value, turning many against the government 6.
To break up regionalist tendencies and to set up efficient central control of local administration, the Gran Colombian army later consolidated the independence of Peru in 7. Only a year later, Ferdinand became part of the Holy League against France and this war was less of a success than the war against Venice, and in , France agreed to a truce that left Milan in its control and recognized Spanish control of Upper Navarre Residencia presidencial la casona.
The Battle of Valmy. Painting of Miranda by an unknown Incan author.
Oil painting by Ricardo Acevedo Bernal. House of Francisco de Paula Santander. Gran marical de ayacucho.
Jose maria perez de urdinena. Kuczynski Pedro Pablo cropped. Caracas, as painted by Joseph Thomas in Caracas Stock Exchange building in El Rosal district.
The Spanish Empire Spanish: The conquest of the Canary Islands The return of Columbus, El gran capitan at the Battle of Cerignola. Vista satelital de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Bolivia listen ; Spanish: Current President, Evo Morales. Evo Morales' inauguration as President. Satellite image of Bolivia. Colombia is named after Christopher Columbus. Ciudad Perdida "The Lost City". The figure refers to the ceremony of the legend of El Dorado.
Ikwadur , officially the Republic of Ecuador Spanish: Peru listen ; Spanish: A Moche ceramic vessel from the 5th century depicting a man's head. The citadel of Machu Picchu , an iconic symbol of pre-Columbian Peru. Lima in the early 19th century, near the Monastery of San Francisco. Embera girl dressed for a dance. Celtic castro in Galicia. Toledo , capital of the Visigothic Kingdom. Reccared I and bishops. Council III of Toledo , Codex Vigilanus , fol.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. Reconstruction of Herodotus ' world map BC. Depiction of Europa regina 'Queen Europe' in German philosopher Immanuel Kant. Cesare Beccaria , father of classical criminal theory — The Marquis of Pombal , as the head of the government of Portugal, implemented sweeping socio-economic reforms abolished slavery , significantly weakened the Inquisition , created the basis for secular public schools and restructured the tax system , effectively ruling as a powerful, progressive dictator.
Denmark's minister Johann Struensee , a social reformer, was publicly executed in El dos de mayo de en Madrid rdit. Second of May The Battle of San Lorenzo in Exodus from the town of caracas The Battle of Rancagua in The monarchy of Spain Spanish: Spanish Royal Crown and Scepter. Urraca succeeded as queen in , becoming Europe's second regnant female monarch after Irene I of the Byzantine Empire. King Juan Carlos I inspecting the troops in a military parade, Death of Captain Cook by Johann Zoffany Declaration of Independence by John Trumbull. The Battle of Gettysburg by Thure de Thulstrup.
Argentina listen ; Spanish: High precipitation along with cold temperatures in the west form permanent snowfields such as the Perito Moreno Glacier. Casa Rosada , workplace of the President. The Caribbean Sea Spanish: A popular and tropical Caribbean portrait: Christopher Columbus landing on Hispaniola in Coral reefs in the British Virgin Islands. The term Hispanic Spanish: Galician Celtic Stele Estela Galaica. Courtyard at the main entrance. Portrait of a Spanish Noble at the height of their Empire. Gabriel de la Cueva.
Eagle with a skull in its claws. The Basque Country Basque: Horses in mountain Bianditz straddling Navarre and Gipuzkoa. The Canary Islands Spanish: Hacha Grande , a mountain in the south of Lanzarote, viewed from the road to the Playa de Papagayo. Byrd in and a yet undetermined Terra Australis. The Statue of David , completed by Michelangelo in , is one of the most renowned works of the Renaissance.
Mona Lisa , by Leonardo da Vinci , c. Dr Alberico Gentili , The Father of international law. Antoine-Jean Gros , Surrender of Madrid, Napoleon enters Spain's capital during the Peninsular War , Arab slave trade rs and their captives along the Ruvuma river in today's Tanzania and Mozambique , 19th century.
Map of the world from The British Empire marked in pink was the superpower of the 19th century. Napoleon 's retreat from Russia in The war swings decisively against the French Empire. The Dominican Republic Spanish: They contain the largest collection of 2,year-old rock art in the Caribbean. Christopher Columbus arrives in the New World. Jean-Pierre Boyer the mulatto ruler of Haiti. Provincia de Venezuela y las Guayanas. Mapa de Venezuela A plantation is a large-scale farm that specializes in cash crops. A pine plantation in the United States.
Tree plantations are usually easily distinguished from natural forests by the trees being planted in straight lines. A plantation of Douglas-fir in Washington , U. A tea plantation in Ciwidey, Bandung in Indonesia. Sugar cane workers in Puerto Rico , The three common silver halide precipitates: Crystals of silver nitrate. Silver plate from the 4th century.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au from Latin: Small gold nugget 5mm dia and corresponding foil surface of half sq meter. Gold III chloride solution in water. Relative sizes of an kg block of gold ore, and the 30 g of gold that can be extracted from it. Toi gold mine , Japan. Ancient golden Kritonios Crown , funerary or marriage material, — BC.
From a grave in Armento , Campania. Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu from Latin: A copper disc Copper just above its melting point keeps its pink luster color when enough light outshines the orange incandescence color. Unoxidized copper wire left and oxidized copper wire right. The contrast between the refurbished copper installed in and the green color of the original copper is clearly seen.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Quechua women in Andahuaylillas , Peru. Illustration of Paleo-Indians hunting a glyptodont. The 17th century was the century that lasted from January 1, , to December 31, , in the Gregorian calendar. New Amsterdam as it appeared in Under British rule it became known as New York City. Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu is the founder of Japan's last shogunate, which lasted well into the 19th century.
Miyamoto Musashi, Self-portrait , Samurai , writer and artist, c. Austrian gold ducat depicting Kaiser Franz-Josef, c. Saint Mark standing giving gonfalone to the kneeling doge. Netherlands, Gold ducat, Utrecht. Santa Maria de Montserrat Catalan pronunciation: Monestir de Montserrat and Roca de St. L'Escolania inside the basilica. The abbey as seen from the Funicular de Sant Joan.
Portrait by Jean Ranc , Philip V of Spain in hunting attire. Philip right at the Battle of Villaviciosa. Gran Colombia Spanish pronunciation: The departments of Gran Colombia in A map of Gran Colombia showing the 12 departments created in and territories disputed with neighboring countries. The Criollo Spanish pronunciation: Ball in colonial Chile by Pedro Subercaseaux. In Spain's American colonies , the upper classes were made up of Europeans and American-born Spaniards and were heavily influenced by European trends. Guatemalan Criollos rejoice upon learning about the declaration of independence from Spain on September 15, Statue of the Virgin of Coromoto.
Pedro Palacios y Sojo was a prelate of the Caracas Cathedral in — Letters patent issued by Queen Victoria in , creating the office of Governor-General of Australia as part of the process of Federation. Letters patent transferring a predecessor of the University of Lorraine to Nancy in Francisco de Paula Santander. Pedro Ponte-Andrade y Jaspe de Montenegro. Francisco Gil de Arratia. Francisca Blanco y de Herrera. Juan Ascencio de Herrera y Ascanio.
Isabel Clara de Herrera y Liendo. Look the way things are: Avioncitos de guerra en un mundo tan reducido como ellos Skydrift. A mother watches me from her doorway. She calls her children home in their dark language. Cobra las dos monedas de plata o de cobre, en caso de haberlas, porqu.
Ojos curiosos e ilu. En un mundial, invariablemente, cuando se encuentran, se escuchan los suspiros resignados del paisano. Otra vez nos van a coger. Popularity Popularity Featured Price: Low to High Price: High to Low Avg. Available for download now. El libro de marte: Spanish Edition Mar 12, Spanish Edition Sep 26, Padre Taxi Spanish Edition Sep 25, Spanish Edition Sep 25, Cuentos Pendejos Spanish Edition Sep 25, Provide feedback about this page.
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