What Fish Don't Want You to Know: The Insider's Guide to Fresh-Water Spin- Fishing: Frank P. Baron: Freshwater Fishing Tips & Techniques: A Fully Illustrated Guide to Freshwater Fishing Not only has he been an avid angler for most of his life, he has also worked in fishing departments of several sporting good stores. Learn How to Fish: The Beginners Guide to Freshwater Fishing. Home · Make So you want to get started fishing but don't know where to begin. Purchase a Spinning Combo that is close to the specifications below. . Also from an insider's viewpoint, this is not one of those things the experienced participants skimp on.
They will provide the best trout fishing experience, but if you find a great deal on a slightly heavier rod, or slightly smaller real, feel free to fudge my suggested numbers a little. Those are the basics. As far as brands go, everyone has their favorites. You can't go wrong with Shimano reels. The Shimano Sedona is my number one recommendation for a first spinning reel.
It packs in many of Shimano's higher end features in an affordable package. It will handle trout with ease, but also be a reliable spinning reel for many other freshwater species. I've had a couple for over ten years that still work like they did on day one. So that's all for bait fishing gear. If you plan on using lures you'll want a variety of choices. For a complete run-down of my favorite top producing trout fishing lures, check out my Top 5 Best Trout Lures. My number one recommendation for a first trout spinning rod-- Fenwick Eagle. These spinning rods outperform numerous higher priced fishing rods.
They are constructed out of quality graphite, have durable cork handles, stainless steel eyelets, and a 5 year warranty. You can't find a more responsive, higher quality rod for the money. If I felt so inspired, I could carry on this section for an entire book, and maybe someday I will, but for now, I'll try to keep it concise. I'll summarize trout fishing techniques in three categories: Bait fishing, Lure fishing, and Trolling.
Bait fishing refers to static fishing. You present the trout with a bait, either live, dead, or artificial, and wait for a strike. If you know where the fish are, it can be very productive. If not, you may not get a nibble all day. Bait fishing for trout can further be simplified into two more sub categories: Floating baits and sinking baits. In general, all natural baits sink. Moreover, assume all baits sink unless it is specifically labeled as floating bait only artificial baits generally.
If your bait sinks, suspend it under the surface using a float or bobber. See Sinking Bait Trout Rig. If the bait you choose to use floats, suspend it over the bottom.
See Floating Bait Trout Rig. The type of bait and presentation you choose to use is vary much subject to the conditions.
A general rule is: Use sinking baits near the surface during the early morning and evening, and floating baits deep during mid day. Lure fishing involves casting a trout lure out into a stream or lake and reeling it back in. Different lures exhibit different behavior in the water, meaning it is good to have a variety to target fish in their various moods.
Lure fishing is effective for covering a large amount of water in a small amount of time. It is also more active that bait fishing, and personally, more fun. Most lures are heavy enough that you do not need any additional weight. Simply tie one one, cast, retrieve, and repeat until you have a fish. Since each lure behaves differently in the water, experiment with retrieval speeds until you find the sweet spot for the lure, you'll know it when you see it. The third and final technique of trout fishing is trolling. Trolling is a bit of a compromise between bait fishing and lure fishing.
Trolling involves casting a lure behind a boat, and then pulling the lure through the water with the boat, either with a motor or by paddling. Trolling is often done with electric motors, but canoe and kayak trolling can be especially effective as well. A word of caution: Trolling Strikes often hit hard, so either use a rod holder or make sure the rod is in your immediate possession!
When fishing on a new lake, trolling is often the best method to locate where on the lake the fish might be holding. I can't say enough about Panther Martin spinners. If I had to bet a trout fishing trip anywhere in the country on one purchase, it would be the Panther Martin Best of the Best Kit. They have caught more trout for me than any other lures. So you have your gear, and you know what you're doing, but where will you go?
Well, the resources here are limitless. If you happen to live in Washington State, just ask, and I'll give you some personal suggestions. If not, your two best resources are your local fishing store and your state's Fish and Wildlife department. As far as the local fishing store goes, the guys know where the fish are but the amount of insider information they are willing to give is likely directly proportional to the amount of gear you are buying, at least until they know you.
So grab a few lures and then ask questions. As for the Fish and Wildlife Department, they are generally a fair bet year round. Other options include asking around at work if you know any fishermen, or Googleing fishing forums for your state. Fortunately, as mentioned before, trout thrive in every state in the country, so chances are you have a lake not to far from where you live that has a decent trout population. First off, make sure the lake you plan on fishing is in season. Most states have a general fishing season. That being said, most states also have fisheries that are open in the off season, and fisheries that are open year round.
To check the season for the lake you plan on fishing, either call your state's Fish and Wildlife office, or read your state's fishing regulations. The Ngaruroro River and the Tutaekuri River are both renowned for their excellent sight fishing with good numbers of trout averaging 3lb.
Over the years I have picked up a good amount of knowledge of these two rivers.
The first to share is the fact that trout will never be far away from food. All of these species grow up in between the rocks and shingle and are very easily picked up by the current and carried down to a waiting mouth. Where the current speeds up these little morsels congregate into larger numbers making them easy food without a heap of effort. We all know the feeling of laziness, this is the mindset of trout. They will not work too hard to catch food and it is this mindset that mostly affects where trout hold in the river.
The other top priority is the level of oxygen in the water. Trout search this out and will always hold in areas with high oxygen levels. It is produced from flowing water, so finding the moving water will narrow down the areas fish can be found. The next two river characteristics to keep a keen eye for are depth and structure. Overhanging willow trees provide tons of shade and form the majority of structure on both the Ngaruroro and Tutaekuri.
Often fish will stay under the trees in total safety only moving into open water when feeding. Once you understand the four necessities for a happy trout; food, oxygen, temperature and shelter, you are ready to start looking for them. Choosing a likely spot to begin your search can seem quite daunting at first as rivers are long and winding with so many different areas to consider.
Below is a list of the main areas I choose to search first…. For those new to river fishing, a backwater is the part of a river in which there is little or no current. It can refer to a branch of the main river, which lies alongside it and then re-joins it often the most underfished pieces of water on the rivers. In my experience, people walk right past these in favour of the main flow to drift nymphs in, but they miss out on the stunning sight fishing that can be had on these little gems. Not all backwaters hold fish, most do not have the right combination of fish habitat. In the height of summer, the water temperature in the main flows become too high for trout to survive in and these deeper ponds of water become a haven for trout seeking refuge.
In one year on the Tutaekuri, after the winter floods, the river changed course and created a large pond right up against a bank with many overhanging willows. As the temperature of summer got higher the trout were unable to live comfortably in the main river, so they moved into this pond. When I first found the spot, I assumed there to be around 10 fish living in the backwater. After I made the call to get a snorkel on and dive in to have a look one day I was very wrong. This is what to look out for.
This many fish is a huge rarity, but if the stars align and create a perfect section of water, this awesome freak of nature can and will happen. No one covers what is happening in our community better than we do. And with a digital subscription, you'll never miss a local story. Gently cast the baited rig into the water. Sunfish react quickly to objects hitting the water. Ounce-for-ounce, a sunfish will fight as hard as any fish that swims.
When it finally gives up and succumbs to the angler, care should be taken to avoid injury to the fish or to yourself while unhooking. Sunfish have sharp spines that will puncture the skin if not handled with care. Whether you release your catch to fight another day — or keep it for a family fish fry — is your decision. If you enjoy eating fish, sunfish are as tasty as any you have ever deep-fried.
According to the N. Wildlife Resources Commission regulations, sunfish taken from Lake Norman do not have a size or creel limit. So, keep all you can eat and release the rest. For those too squeamish to handle live crickets, there is an artificial bait available that not only resembles a cricket in appearance but emits a scent similar to that of a live one.