Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast. Why is your face downcast? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must rule over it. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth. Cain was then building a city, and he named it after his son Enoch. At that time people began to call on [ i ] the name of the Lord. All rights reserved worldwide. You'll get this book and many others when you join Bible Gateway Plus.
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S ver 1 Genesis 4: According to the narrative in Genesis , Abel Hebrew: His name in Hebrew is composed of the same three consonants as a root meaning "breath". In Christianity , comparisons are sometimes made between the death of Abel and that of Jesus , the former thus seen as being the first martyr. The blood of Jesus is interpreted as bringing mercy; but that of Abel as demanding vengeance hence the curse and mark. Abel is invoked in the litany for the dying in the Roman Catholic Church , and his sacrifice is mentioned in the Canon of the Mass along with those of Abraham and Melchizedek.
The Alexandrian Rite commemorates him with a feast day on December According to the Coptic Book of Adam and Eve at 2: In addition, the Sethite line of the Generations of Adam swear by Abel's blood to segregate themselves from the unrighteous. In the Book of Enoch This view is later repeated in the Testament of Abraham A: The following family tree of the line of Cain is compiled from a variety of biblical and extra-biblical texts. Various early commentators have said that Cain and Abel have sisters, usually twin sisters.
Cain and his twin sister, Abel and his two twin sisters. The Book of Genesis does not give a specific reason for the murder of Abel. Modern commentators typically assume that the motives were jealousy and anger due to God rejecting Cain's offering, while accepting Abel's.
Do not be like Cain, who belonged to the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him?
Ancient exegetes , such as the Midrash and the Conflict of Adam and Eve with Satan , tell that the motive involved a desire for the most beautiful woman. According to Midrashic tradition, Cain and Abel each had twin sisters; each was to marry the other's. The Midrash states that Abel's promised wife, Aclima , was more beautiful.
Since Cain would not consent to this arrangement, Adam suggested seeking God's blessing by means of a sacrifice. Whoever God blessed would marry Aclima. When God openly rejected Cain's sacrifice, Cain slew his brother in a fit of jealousy and anger. The story appears in the Quran , in Surah 5, verses 27 to One said, 'I will kill you,' but the other said, 'God only accepts the sacrifice of those who are mindful of Him.
If you raise your hand to kill me, I will not raise mine to kill you. I fear God, the Lord of all worlds, and I would rather you were burdened with my sins as well as yours and became an inhabitant of the Fire: God sent a raven to scratch up the ground and show him how to cover his brother's corpse and he said, 'Woe is me!
Could I not have been like this raven and covered up my brother's body? The story of Cain and Abel has always been used as a deterrent from murder in Islamic tradition. Abdullah ibn Mas'ud reported that Muhammad said in a hadith:.
Articles containing Hebrew-language text Articles containing Arabic-language text Articles with hCards Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November CS1 maint: The following family tree of the line of Cain is compiled from a variety of biblical and extra-biblical texts. Adam-ondi-Ahman Tomb of Eve. A Victor Hugo Encyclopedia. Eve did not know what murder was or how death felt like. A long time ago, just after Adam and Eve had to leave the garden of Eden, they were very sad about disobeying God. The Mark of Cain.
Muslim scholars were divided on the motives behind Cain's murder of Abel, and further why the two brothers were obliged to offer sacrifices to God. Some scholars believed that Cain's motives were plain jealousy and lust.
Seeking to end to the dispute between them, Adam suggested that each present an offering before God. The one whose offering God accepted would marry Aclima. Abel, a generous shepherd, offered the fattest of his sheep as an oblation to God. But Cain, a miserly farmer, offered only a bunch of grass and some worthless seeds to him. God accepted Abel's offering and rejected Cain's—an indication that Abel was more righteous than Cain, and thus worthier of Aclima.
As a result, it was decided that Abel would marry Aclima. Cain, on the other hand, would marry her less beautiful sister. Blinded by anger and lust for Aclima, Cain sought to get revenge on Abel and escape with Aclima. According to another tradition, the devil appeared to Cain and instructed him how to exact revenge on Abel.
In the biblical Book of Genesis, Cain and Abel are the first two sons of Adam and Eve. Cain, the firstborn, was a farmer, and his brother Abel was a shepherd. The curse of Cain and the mark of Cain are phrases that originated in the story of Adam and Eve in the Hebrew Bible. In the stories, if someone did something to.
After the murder, the devil hurried to Eve shouting: Cain has murdered Abel! Eve did not know what murder was or how death felt like. She asked, bewildered and horrified, "Woe to you! He does not drink. He does not move [That's what murder and death are]", answered the Devil. Eve burst out into tears and started to wail madly. She ran to Adam and tried to tell him what happened. However, she could not speak because she could not stop wailing. Since then, women wail brokenheartedly when a loved one dies. After burying Abel and escaping from his family, Cain got married and had children.
They died in Noah's flood among other tyrants and unbelievers. Some Muslim scholars puzzled over the mention of offerings in the narrative of Cain and Abel. Offerings and sacrifices were ordained only after the revelation of the Torah to Moses. This led some scholars, such as Said ibn al-Musayyib , to think that the sons of Adam mentioned in the Quran are actually two Israelites, not Cain and Abel. Shi'a are frequent visitors of this mosque for ziyarat.
The mosque was built by Ottoman Wali Ahmad Pasha in Allusions to Cain and Abel as an archetype of fratricide appear in numerous references and retellings, through medieval art and Shakespearean works up to present day fiction. A medieval legend has Cain arriving at the Moon, where he eternally settled with a bundle of twigs. This was originated by the popular fantasy of interpreting the shadows on the Moon as a face. An example of this belief can be found in Dante Alighieri 's Inferno XX,  where the expression "Cain and the twigs" is used as a kenning for "moon".
A treatise on Christian Hermeticism, Meditations on the Tarot: A journey into Christian Hermeticism , describes the biblical account of Cain and Abel as a myth, i. It shows us how brothers can become mortal enemies through the very fact that they worship the same God in the same way. According to the author, the source of religious wars is revealed. It is not the difference in dogma or ritual which is the cause, but the "pretention to equality" or "the negation of hierarchy".
In Latter-day Saint theology , Cain is considered to be the quintessential Son of Perdition , the father of secret combinations i. In Mormon folklore — a second-hand account relates that an early Mormon leader, David W. Patten , encountered a very tall, hairy, dark-skinned man in Tennessee who said that he was Cain.
The account states that Cain had earnestly sought death but was denied it, and that his mission was to destroy the souls of men. There were other, minor traditions concerning Cain and Abel, of both older and newer date. In an attempt to prevent the prophecy from happening the two young men are separated and given different jobs.
The author Daniel Quinn , first in his book " Ishmael " and later in " The Story of B ", proposes that the story of Cain and Abel is an account of early Semitic herdsmen observing the beginnings of what he calls totalitarian agriculture, with Cain representing the first 'modern' agriculturists and Abel the pastoralists. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the first and second sons of Adam and Eve. For other uses, see Cain and Abel disambiguation. For other uses, see Abel disambiguation , Cain disambiguation , and My Brother's Keeper disambiguation.
Curse and mark of Cain. Icon of Abel by Theophanes the Greek.
Cain and Abel in Islam and Al-Ma'ida. The Mythology of Judaism. Studies in the Personal Names of Genesis 1—11 , pp. Church Fathers , Rabbinic commentators and more recent scholars have also proposed interpretations. English translation at "Chapter IV. Inanna prefers the farmer".
Kim, "Cain and Abel in the Light of Envy: The Legends of the Jews Vol I: And he [Cain] was begotten into adultery, for he was the child of the serpent. Tent work in Palestine. A record of discovery and adventure Vol. The Mandaeans of Iraq and Iran.