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The series repackaged 13 Italian sword-and-sandal films by giving them a standardized theme song for the opening and closing titles, as well as a standard introductory narration attempting to relate the lead character in each film to the Greek demigod Hercules. These films however were not all originally made as "Hercules" films in Italy.
Although two of them did originally feature Hercules and not his sons , four of the films were originally Maciste movies in Italy, and the others were just isolated gladiator or mythological hero movies not released theatrically in the US. There were 13 films in the Sons of Hercules syndication package. The first title listed for each film was its American television title, followed by the translated original Italian title in parentheses: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article does not cite any sources. To expiate the crime, Heracles was required to carry out ten labors set by his archenemy, Eurystheus , who had become king in Heracles' place. If he succeeded, he would be purified of his sin and, as myth says, he would be granted immortality.
Heracles accomplished these tasks, but Eurystheus did not accept the cleansing of the Augean stables because Heracles was going to accept pay for the labor. Neither did he accept the killing of the Lernaean Hydra as Heracles' nephew, Iolaus , had helped him burn the stumps of the heads.
Eurystheus set two more tasks fetching the Golden Apples of Hesperides and capturing Cerberus , which Heracles performed successfully, bringing the total number of tasks up to twelve. Not all writers gave the labours in the same order. After completing these tasks, Heracles joined the Argonauts in a search for the Golden Fleece.
He also fell in love with Princess Iole of Oechalia. King Eurytus of Oechalia promised his daughter, Iole , to whoever could beat his sons in an archery contest. Heracles won but Eurytus abandoned his promise. Heracles' advances were spurned by the king and his sons, except for one: Heracles killed the king and his sons—excluding Iphitus —and abducted Iole. Iphitus became Heracles' best friend. However, once again, Hera drove Heracles mad and he threw Iphitus over the city wall to his death. Once again, Heracles purified himself through three years of servitude—this time to Queen Omphale of Lydia.
Omphale was a queen or princess of Lydia. As penalty for a murder, imposed by Xenoclea , the Delphic Oracle , Heracles was to serve as her slave for a year.
He was forced to do women's work and to wear women's clothes, while she wore the skin of the Nemean Lion and carried his olive-wood club. After some time, Omphale freed Heracles and married him. Some sources mention a son born to them who is variously named. It was at that time that the cercopes , mischievous wood spirits, stole Heracles' weapons. He punished them by tying them to a stick with their faces pointing downward.
While walking through the wilderness, Heracles was set upon by the Dryopes. In Apollonius of Rhodes ' Argonautica it is recalled that Heracles had mercilessly slain their king, Theiodamas , over one of the latter's bulls, and made war upon the Dryopes "because they gave no heed to justice in their lives". He took the youth on as his weapons bearer and beloved. Years later, Heracles and Hylas joined the crew of the Argo.
As Argonauts, they only participated in part of the journey. In Mysia , Hylas was kidnapped by the nymphs of a local spring. Heracles, heartbroken, searched for a long time but Hylas had fallen in love with the nymphs and never showed up again. In other versions, he simply drowned. Either way, the Argo set sail without them. Hesiod 's Theogony and Aeschylus ' Prometheus Unbound both tell that Heracles shot and killed the eagle that tortured Prometheus which was his punishment by Zeus for stealing fire from the gods and giving it to mortals. Heracles freed the Titan from his chains and his torments.
Prometheus then made predictions regarding further deeds of Heracles. On his way back to Mycenae from Iberia , having obtained the Cattle of Geryon as his tenth labour , Heracles came to Liguria in North-Western Italy where he engaged in battle with two giants, Albion and Bergion or Dercynus, sons of Poseidon. The opponents were strong; Hercules was in a difficult position so he prayed to his father Zeus for help.
Under the aegis of Zeus, Heracles won the battle. The story, among others, is described by Dionysius of Halicarnassus. Previously, Poseidon had sent a sea monster to attack Troy. The story is related in several digressions in the Iliad 7.
This expedition became the theme of the Eastern pediment of the Temple of Aphaea. Laomedon planned on sacrificing his daughter Hesione to Poseidon in the hope of appeasing him. Heracles happened to arrive along with Telamon and Oicles and agreed to kill the monster if Laomedon would give him the horses received from Zeus as compensation for Zeus' kidnapping Ganymede. Heracles killed the monster, but Laomedon went back on his word. Accordingly, in a later expedition, Heracles and his followers attacked Troy and sacked it.
Then they slew all Laomedon's sons present there save Podarces , who was renamed Priam, who saved his own life by giving Heracles a golden veil Hesione had made.
Telamon took Hesione as a war prize and they had a son, Teucer. Having wrestled and defeated Achelous , god of the Acheloos river, Heracles takes Deianira as his wife. Travelling to Tiryns , a centaur , Nessus , offers to help Deianira across a fast flowing river while Heracles swims it. However, Nessus is true to the archetype of the mischievous centaur and tries to steal Deianira away while Heracles is still in the water.
Angry, Heracles shoots him with his arrows dipped in the poisonous blood of the Lernaean Hydra. Thinking of revenge, Nessus gives Deianira his blood-soaked tunic before he dies, telling her it will "excite the love of her husband". Several years later, rumor tells Deianira that she has a rival for the love of Heracles. Deianira, remembering Nessus' words, gives Heracles the bloodstained shirt. Lichas, the herald, delivers the shirt to Heracles. However, it is still covered in the Hydra's blood from Heracles' arrows, and this poisons him, tearing his skin and exposing his bones.
Before he dies, Heracles throws Lichas into the sea, thinking he was the one who poisoned him according to several versions, Lichas turns to stone, becoming a rock standing in the sea, named for him. Heracles then uproots several trees and builds a funeral pyre on Mount Oeta , which Poeas , father of Philoctetes , lights.
As his body burns, only his immortal side is left. Through Zeus' apotheosis , Heracles rises to Olympus as he dies. No one but Heracles' friend Philoctetes Poeas in some versions would light his funeral pyre in an alternate version, it is Iolaus who lights the pyre. For this action, Philoctetes or Poeas received Heracles' bow and arrows, which were later needed by the Greeks to defeat Troy in the Trojan War. Philoctetes confronted Paris and shot a poisoned arrow at him.
The Hydra poison subsequently led to the death of Paris. According to Herodotus , Heracles lived years before Herodotus' own time c. An episode of his female affairs that stands out was his stay at the palace of Thespius , king of Thespiae , who wished him to kill the Lion of Cithaeron. As a reward, the king offered him the chance to perform sexual intercourse with all fifty of his daughters in one night. Heracles complied and they all became pregnant and all bore sons.
In Greek mythology, the Heracleidae or Heraclids /ˈhɛrəklɪdz/ were the numerous descendants of Heracles (Hercules), especially applied in a narrower sense to the descendants of Hyllus, the eldest of his four sons by Deianira (Hyllus was also sometimes thought of as Heracles' son by. The Sons of Hercules was a syndicated Embassy Pictures television show that aired in the United States of America in the s. The series repackaged
This is sometimes referred to as his Thirteenth Labour. Many of the kings of ancient Greece traced their lines to one or another of these, notably the kings of Sparta and Macedon.
Yet another episode of his female affairs that stands out was when he carried away the oxen of Geryon , he also visited the country of the Scythians. Once there, while asleep, his horses suddenly disappeared. When he woke and wandered about in search of them, he came into the country of Hylaea. He then found the dracaena of Scythia sometimes identified as Echidna in a cave. When he asked whether she knew anything about his horses, she answered, that they were in her own possession, but that she would not give them up, unless he would consent to stay with her for a time.
Heracles accepted the request, and became by her the father of Agathyrsus , Gelonus , and Scythes. The last of them became king of the Scythians, according to his father's arrangement, because he was the only one among the three brothers that was able to manage the bow which Heracles had left behind and to use his father's girdle. As a symbol of masculinity and warriorship, Heracles also had a number of male lovers.
Plutarch , in his Eroticos, maintains that Heracles' male lovers were beyond counting.